Admiral Tributz - akụkọ ndụ

Maachị 2, 2013 3:56 nke ehihie

Ihe ncheta Tributz bụ ezigbo ịlọ ụwa nke Tomlinson, dike nke uri ama ama Kipling. Enweghị nkọwa (n'ihi na aha ya bụ Void). Mkpokọta ihe siri ike sitere na ọrụ ndị ọzọ. Nke a bụ otú St. Pita, bụ onye, ​​na-eti mkpu, jụrụ onye isi ahụ akụkọ banyere ihe omume nke ya, mana ọ na-atụgharị naanị:

A mụrụ: August 15, 1900, St. Petersburg

Nwụrụ: Ọgọst 30, 1977, Moscow

(Churchill gaara agwa Admiral Tributz)

Enweghị ike inye ndị iro abalị (N.G. Kuznetsov, okwu sitere na "ndị ukwu" ndị mmadụ)
Gaa, gakwuru onye nwe ihe ọjọọ, ị ga-abụ ọchịchịrị,
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VF Tributs - Ndị Baltic na-abanye n'agha ahụ

"Ị gụrụ, kwubiri, chere - ọ dị mma! Ma na nkiti nke eluigwe

N'ịga n'ihu na-agụ akwụkwọ banyere omume nke ndị agha mmiri Soviet n'oge Great Patriotic War, m si na-agụghị akwụkwọ ego memoirs nke Vladimir Filippovich Tributs, na-adịgide adịgide ọchịagha nke Baltic Fleet n'oge agha. M ga-achọpụta dị ka eziokwu na-achọsi ike na mbipụta mbụ nke akwụkwọ ahụ nke dị n'ihu m na tebụl e mere na 1972 na ụlọ obibi akwụkwọ Kaliningrad, ọ bụ ezie na dị ka "ọnọdụ" (onye isi nke ụgbọ mmiri ahụ hà nhata. n'ebe ọchịagha nke n'ihu), ihe ncheta ndị a dịkarịa ala kwesịrị ekwesị maka Ụlọ Ọrụ Nbipụta Ndị Agha na mgbasa ozi narị puku kwuru puku (nke a na-emekarị maka ihe ndekọ nke ndị isi agha, narị puku abụọ na-adabere na marshals). Ma naanị 65 puku kwuru na mbụ mbipụta, na ihe kasị akpali bụ na e wepụtara na Military Publishing House naanị na 1985, afọ Admiral Sergei Gorshkov hapụrụ ya post. Ọ dị ka onye isi ndị agha mmiri n'oge "stagnation" nwere ...

VF Tributs - Ndị Baltic na-alụ ọgụ

Vladimir Filippovich Tributs (July 15 (28), 1900, St. Petersburg - August 30, 1977, Moscow) - Soviet agha ndú, admiral (May 31, 1943), Dọkịta nke Historical Sciences (1972), ọchịagha nke Baltic Fleet na 1939-1947.

Na 1918 o ji aka ya sonye n'Òtù Ndị Agha Mmiri. Mgbe agha obodo gasịrị, ọ gụsịrị akwụkwọ na Higher Naval School na Naval Academy, jere ozi na Baltic Fleet na agha Marat na-ebibi Yakov Sverdlov. Ebe ọ bụ na February 1938 - Chief of Staff nke Baltic Fleet. N'April 1939, a họpụtara ya ọchịagha nke ụgbọ mmiri. Na Jenụwarị 28, 1940, e kenyere ọkwa agha ọzọ na flagship nke ọkwa mbụ, na June 4, 1940, enwetara ya akwụkwọ ikike dị ka osote admiral.

N'ime oge mbụ nke Great…

Oh, ọ bụghị onye gbaziri okwu n'aka ndị enyi
"Bilie, bilie Tomlinson, na-ekwu ngwa ngwa, kedu ihe ọma ị mere ndị mmadụ, Ị mere ezi omume maka ndị agbata obi ma ọ bụ?" Mkpụrụ obi gba ọtọ wee na-acha ọcha karịa ọkpụkpụ.

Na ihe niile nke ndị agbata obi ji ụgwọ, ichere ụgwọ ọrụ sitere n'aka Chineke.
Ka okwukwe nke Berkeley Square nọnyere gị, Tomlinson!”

Jenụwarị 30, 2019 12:12 nke abalị

 

Ọ bụ Vladimir Filippovich dere

VF Tributs - Ndị Baltic na-alụ ọgụ
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Vladimir Tributs - banyere onye edemede

N'etiti kpakpando ndị dị elu, ndị doro anya, ọ dịghị ebe maka mkparịta ụka.

VF Tributs - Ndị Baltic na-abanye n'agha ahụ
"Oh, m gụrụ ya...

# Akụkọ ndụ
Julaị 28, 1900: Admiral V.F. Tributz

Vladimir Filippovich Tributs guzoro na mmalite nke okike nke ndị agha mmiri Soviet, onye ya na ya si na ụgbọ mmiri gaa na admiral, n'ime afọ ndị siri ike nke Agha Ụwa nke Abụọ, o nyere iwu Baltic Fleet. Aha Admiral Tributs taa ji mpako na-ebu nnukwu ụgbọ mmiri mgbochi ụgbọ mmiri nke Project 1155 nke Pacific Fleet nke Russia.

A mụrụ ya na July 28, 1900 na St. Petersburg. Nna nna ya, n'oge gara aga, onye serf na mpaghara Minsk, hapụrụ ezinụlọ ya maka isi obodo site na obodo dara ogbenye, ebe, n'ihi ọchịchọ nke onye nwe ala, ihe karịrị ọkara nke ndị bi na ya ka a na-akpọ aha nnabata Tributs.

Ná mmalite nke iri abụọ, Vladimir Filippovich gụrụ akwụkwọ na ụgbọ mmiri akwụkwọ, mgbe nke a (na 1926) ọ natara ọnọdụ nke platoon ọchịagha na Baltic ụgbọ mmiri ndị ọrụ, ebe ọ jere ozi dị ka ọchịagha nke isi caliber turret na agha ụgbọ mmiri Paris Commune.

Ije ozi n'ụgbọ agha a bụ ihe dị mkpa na ndụ ndị Tributs. Ikike pụrụ iche na ikike ịrụ ọrụ, agụụ maka ihe ọmụma banyere ihe ndị na-eme n'oké osimiri kpebiri ịkwalite nkwalite ya ngwa ngwa. N'oge opupu ihe ubi nke 1929, Tributz ghọrọ onye inyeaka nke abụọ nke ụgbọ mmiri na onye isi nche. N'otu afọ ahụ, ndị ọrụ ụgbọ mmiri ahụ nwere ule siri ike. Ya na onye na-akwọ ụgbọ mmiri Profintern, Paris Commune mere mgbanwe site n'Oké Osimiri Baltic gaa n'Oké Osimiri Ojii. Oké ifufe jidere ụgbọ ahụ. Tributz nyere ndị isi ụgbọ mmiri iwu iwu. Ebili mmiri na-efegharị n'elu oche ahụ, dọkasịa ihe onwunwe ndị a kụsiri ike, ụgbọ agha ahụ dara site n'akụkụ ruo n'akụkụ. Otú ọ dị, ndị ọrụ ụgbọ mmiri ahụ jisiri ike merie ihe ndị ahụ ma weta ụgbọ mmiri na-arụ ọrụ na Sevastopol.

Mgbe ahụ, e nwere ọrụ ọzọ agha, Marat, mgbe nke a họpụtara Tributs ọchịagha nke mbibi Yakov Sverdlov.

Na 1932 Vladimir Filippovich gụsịrị akwụkwọ na Naval Academy. Site na afọ a malitere ngwa ngwa ọrụ nke Tributs. Na 1936, ọ kewara na ụgbọ mmiri ahụ, e zigara ya na isi nke ngalaba nke isi ụlọ ọrụ nke Baltic Fleet, na site na February 1938 ọ na-eduzi isi ụlọ ọrụ a. A obere ihe karịrị otu afọ, na April 1939, a họpụtara Tributs ọchịagha nke Baltic Fleet.

The Great Patriotic War hụrụ ya na Tallinn na post a. Tributs, dị ka ha kwuru mgbe ahụ, "mebiri" nke atọ agha. Isi obodo Estonia ghọrọ ebe bụ isi nke ụgbọ mmiri ahụ. Mgbọ mbụ nke agha ọhụrụ ahụ ewereghị ndị Baltic na mberede. Ọbụna tupu mgbe ahụ, ọchịagha N. Kuznetsov kwupụtara njikere nke 1 maka ụgbọ mmiri niile.

Ndị sonyere n'ihe omume nke ụbọchị ndị ahụ chetara ka Tributs otu oge, na-elele batrị ahụ, si banye n'ụlọ ọgwụ ubi. Ndị merụrụ ahụ bụ ụgha na-anọdụ ala na ahịhịa n'akụkụ ọhịa. Ka ọ na-erute nso, ụfọdụ nwara ibili. "Nọdụ ala, nọdụ ala, ndị enyi!" onye ndu kwusiri ha. Vladimir Filippovich kpọrọ nọọsụ. Onye na-eto eto bụ́ Estonia na-asụ asụsụ Rọshịa nke ọma, ma ọ chọpụtara na onye ọ bụla nọ na-eche ụgbọ ala iji ziga ndị mmadụ n’ụlọ ọgwụ ruo ogologo oge. Tributs nyere ndị nche ya iwu ka ha hapụ gwongworo ahụ maka ndị merụrụ ahụ. "Comrade Commander, ị pụghị ibi ndụ na-enweghị ndị nche," ọchịagha ndị nche mere mkpesa. - Agbapụ n'ime obodo. Ọ bụrụ na ihe emee, a ga-enyefe m n’aka ụlọ ikpe.” Ma ọchịagha ahụ kwughachiri iwu ahụ.

N'August 26, 1941, Isi ụlọ ọrụ nyere iwu ka a chụpụ ebe ahụ. Ụgbọ mmiri ndị ahụ ga-agafe ihe fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ narị kilomita abụọ gafee n'ọnụ mmiri ahụ, bụ nke ndị iro weghaara n'ikpere mmiri ya. V. Tributs e nyere ọtụtụ nhọrọ, ma ọ họọrọ nke kwere ya ịzọpụta ọzọ warships na arịa: na-aga na Cape Yuminda maka minesweepers, ọgụ megide iro n'ụsọ oké osimiri ogbunigwe na ụgbọ mmiri egbe, zoo n'azụ onye iro ugbo elu na ọkụ na-arụsi ọrụ ike maneuver.

N'echi ya na elekere iri na isii, ndị isi agha nke ụgbọ mmiri ahụ hapụrụ mwakpo ahụ. Ha na-aga n'ihu ndị njem ahụ, n'etiti mgbọ ogbunigwe na bọmbụ. Site n'ọdụ ụgbọ mmiri nke ọkụ ụgbọ mmiri Kirov, Tributs hụrụ ọnwụ nke squadron Yakov Sverdlov, nke o nyere iwu n'otu oge. Ụgbọ mmiri okpuru mmiri na-eso Kirov gbawarakwa n'ebe a na-egwupụta ihe. N'ụzọ a na-atụghị anya ya, a hụkwara otu ogbunigwe na-ese n'elu mmiri n'akụkụ ụgbọ mmiri ahụ. Ụgbọ mmiri ahụ kwụsịrị. Ndị ọrụ ụgbọ mmiri ahụ ji okporo osisi malite iji nlezianya buru ya pụọ. Onye na-ahụ maka ndị agha mmiri na-acha uhie uhie, ebe ọ banyere n'ụgbọ mmiri, bepụ afụ ọnụ nchara nke paravane ahụ. Ọnwụ ahụ na-ese n'elu mmiri ji nwayọọ nwayọọ na-agafe n'akụkụ ahụ.

Akụkọ ndị ọchịagha nwetara adịghị agba ume. A gbapụrụ ndị mbibi atọ na ọtụtụ ụgbọ njem n'ime mkpọsa awa atọ. Ụzọ gara n'ihu n'ọchịchịrị nke na-abịa na-eyi egwu na ọ ga-enwe nnukwu mfu n'ihi na enwere ike izute ogbunigwe. Otú ọ dị, ụgbọ elu ndị iro gbochiri arịlịka.

Ọdịmma nke narị otu narị na puku kwuru puku mmadụ na akara nke ụgbọ mmiri dabere na V. Tributs n'oge ahụ. Ma o kpebiri ịkwụsị, debe ha n'usoro ma nyere ndị nọ n'oké osimiri aka. N'ihi nke a, a kpọlitere ọtụtụ mmadụ site na mmiri site na ndị ọrụ nnapụta. N'abalị nke August, Vladimir Filippovich ahapụghị àkwà mmiri ahụ, mgbe chi bọrọ, ụgbọ mmiri ahụ gara n'ihu. Na ọzọ na-amakpu ụgbọ elu, ogbunigwe, ọnwụ nke ụgbọ mmiri na ndị mmadụ. Ọ dabara nke ọma, n'oge na-adịghị anya ogbunigwe ahụ gafere. Ka ọ na-erule mgbede, ndị isi agha rutere Kronstadt. Mfu ndị ahụ dị ukwuu, mana ọchịagha ahụ jisiri ike chekwaa isi ọgụ nke ụgbọ mmiri ahụ.

Na Leningrad, a kpọrọ Vladimir Filippovich ọhụrụ n'ihu ọchịagha G. Zhukov. O nyere iwu ka etinye ụgbọ mmiri na Neva na ngwá agha iji kwado ndị agha 42nd. Mee egbe mgbochi ụgbọ elu maka ọkụ ozugbo wee kụọ tankị ndị iro. Ziga ọkara nke ndị ọkwọ ụgbọ mmiri gaa n'olulu mmiri. Zhukov nyere ụbọchị abụọ.

V. Tributs ghọtara nke ọma ọnọdụ dị ugbu a na nso obodo ahụ na Neva. Obi abụọ adịghị ya, o wutere ya ịhapụ ndị ọkachamara a zụrụ azụ n'elu ala. Ụgbọ mmiri ụfọdụ tụfuru arụmọrụ ọgụ ha na-enweghị ndị ọrụ igwe, ndị na-egwupụta akụ, ndị ọkụ eletrik na ndị ọkachamara ndị ọzọ. Ma n'ihu chọrọ ndị mmadụ ngwa ngwa. Na onye ọchịagha nke ụgbọ mmiri na-erubere iwu, na-enweghị esemokwu ma ọ bụ na General Staff ma ọ bụ na ndị commissar nke ndị agha mmiri. Ndị agha mmiri, ụgbọ mmiri, ụgbọ elu ndị agha na-eti ndị iro ahụ ihe, kụrie ihe ndị na-ahụ anya n'ihu dum.

E gbochiri ụgbọ mmiri Baltic. Vladimir Filippovich kwupụtara echiche a maka oge mbụ na December 1942 nye onyeisi ndị ọrụ ụgbọ mmiri, Yu. Ralle, na onye isi nke ngalaba ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị nke Baltic Fleet, V. Lebedev. Tributs na-akpọ nrụzi ụgbọ mmiri na ịrụ ụgbọ mmiri bụ isi ọrụ maka afọ na-abịa. Enyere omume agha n'oké osimiri n'aka ụgbọ mmiri okpuru mmiri. Ihe ọ bụla ọzọ bụ ịnye ndị ụgbọ mmiri okpuru mmiri ma dozie nsogbu ndị ọzọ.

Ndị Germany aghọghị nna ukwu na Baltic. Ha akwụsịghị na Ladoga. Vladimir Filippovich chetara otú na October 22, 1942, ya na ọchịagha nke Ladoga agha flotilla V. Cherokov na ọchịagha nke BF Air Force M. Samokhin si Osinovets pụọ na Flotilla Command post na Novaya Ladoga. A gwara ha na ụgbọ mmiri ndị iro na ụgbọ mmiri na-adaba na-agba n'agwaetiti Sukho. Ịkwa ákwá bụ ihe kwere nghọta: site na ijide ya, onye iro ahụ chọrọ igbutu akwara Ladoga, na-anapụ ndị Leningrader naanị ụzọ njem. N'ime ụbọchị ahụ dum, V. Tributs nọgidere na Novaya Ladoga, na-ahazi ịghaghachi ndị iro site n'enyemaka nke ụgbọ elu ụgbọ mmiri na ụgbọ mmiri. Ụzọ ndụ nọgidere na-arụ ọrụ.

N'oge mgbụsị akwụkwọ nke 1943, ọchịagha nke Leningrad Front, L. Govorov, setịpụrụ ọrụ maka ụgbọ mmiri Baltic: ịnyefe ndị agha nke I. Fedyuninsky, na ngwá ọrụ niile, gaa na Oranienbaum bridgehead. Nke a chọrọ nzuzo na ngwa ngwa. Naanị na ego ha na-efu, ọkara nke ọrụ ahụ emeworị.

Ụbọchị atọ ka e mesịrị, V.F. Tributs na onye so na ndị agha kansul, N. Smirnov, gara Kronstadt ikpebi otú kacha mma ibufe ndị agha na-emighị emi fairways na a kacha nta nke ọdịda crafting, nyere na onye iro ga-shei n'ebe loading na ebutu. Mgbe obere oge gasịrị, e kpebiri ịrụ ọrụ ahụ n'abalị, mgbe ọ na-egbu oge na ice na chi ọbụbọ, na-eji anwụrụ ọkụ, na-edebe ngwá agha na ụgbọ elu na ọnọdụ njikere.

N'ụtụtụ Jenụwarị 14, 1944, Vladimir Filippovich, nọ n'ebe a na-ahụ maka batrị ndị agha mmiri, na-ebute ụzọ nchebe, hụrụ site na binoculars ka osisi na nkume nke ndị iro na-agbapụta na bunkers si feba n'ikuku site na ọkụ anyị na-etipịa, onye iro. e ji ezigbo ihe kụrie ya buru ihe mgbakwasị ụkwụ. Ihe karịrị otu awa, oké ifufe na-efe efe na-efefe n'elu àkwà mmiri a na-enwe ọganihu na-abịanụ. Mgbe ọ nwụrụ, ndị agha ụkwụ na tankị weghaara. Ya mere, site n'enyemaka nke ngwá agha nke ụgbọ mmiri na ndị agha, ọrụ nke ihu malitere ikpochapụ obodo Lenin site na nnọchibido ahụ. Ruo otu ọnwa na ọkara na 1944, ndị agha nke Red Army, na nkwado nke Baltic Fleet, mere elu 150-300 km, welitere kpamkpam mgbochi na Leningrad. Mgbe Tallinn hapụrụ na 1941, ụgbọ mmiri torpedo bụ ndị ikpeazụ na-apụ n'ọdụ ụgbọ mmiri. Ha bụ ndị mbụ lọghachiri. Na Septemba 23, ọchịagha nke ụgbọ mmiri rutere ebe a. iji hazie ọdịda amfibi na agwaetiti Moonsund. Ịrụ ọrụ siri ike haziri mere ka ahapụ ha n'ime ụbọchị 20. Ụgbọ mmiri Baltic malitere ịrụ ọrụ n'ime ụlọ ihe nkiri ahụ.

Mgbe o weghasịrị Koenigsberg, V. Tributs tụrụ aro ka e were gbuo ebe e wusiri ike nke Pillau iji gbochie onye iro na-ala azụ ibibi ọdụ ụgbọ mmiri ahụ. Abụọ ọdịda, n'ebe ọdịda anyanwụ na n'ebe ọwụwa anyanwụ, rutere na Frishe-Nerung spit, meriri ndị iro otu na counter omume.

Maka Vladimir Filippovich, agha ahụ gara n'ihu ọbụna mgbe mmeri ahụ gasịrị. Ruo afọ abụọ, ọ bụ ya na-ahụ maka mbibi nke ogbunigwe. N'ezie, ndị a bụ ụfọdụ ụdị agha obodo. N'ehihie na abalị, minesweepers na ụgbọ mmiri ndị ọzọ nke ụgbọ mmiri chọpụtara ma bibie ala na arịlịka, kọntaktị na ndị na-abụghị kọntaktị acoustics na magnetik mines. Mana Tributs emezughị ọrụ na ihicha mmiri nke Baltic. Na 1947, e kenyere ya ka ọ bụrụ osote onye isi ndị agha Far Eastern Forces maka ndị agha mmiri.

N'afọ ndị sochirinụ, Admiral ahụ duuru Hydrographic Directorate of the Naval Forces, bụ onye isi ngalaba na ngalaba nke Academy of General Staff.

Mgbe ọ lara ezumike nká na February 1961, Tributs duru otu n'ime ngalaba nke Institute for Science and Technical Information. Ọ ghọrọ dọkịta nke sayensị akụkọ ihe mere eme. O nwere ihe karịrị 200 akụkọ na memoirs. Vladimir Filippovich Tributs nwụrụ na August 30, 1977.

Admiral V.F.  Tributz

Vladimir Filippovich Tributs guzoro na mmalite nke okike nke ndị agha mmiri Soviet, onye ya na ya si na ụgbọ mmiri gaa na admiral, n'ime afọ ndị siri ike nke Agha Ụwa nke Abụọ, o nyere iwu Baltic Fleet. Aha Admiral Tributs taa ji mpako na-ebu nnukwu ụgbọ mmiri mgbochi ụgbọ mmiri nke Project 1155 nke Pacific Fleet nke Russia.

A mụrụ ya na July 15, 1900 na St. Petersburg. Nna nna ya, n'oge gara aga, onye serf na mpaghara Minsk, hapụrụ ezinụlọ ya maka isi obodo site na obodo dara ogbenye, ebe, n'ihi ọchịchọ nke onye nwe ala, ihe karịrị ọkara nke ndị bi na ya ka a na-akpọ aha nnabata Tributs. Ma Pita ewetaghịkwa akụ̀ na ụba. Mgbe Vladimir na-eto eto gụchara akara ule atọ nke ụlọ akwụkwọ elementrị, nne na nna ya enweghị ego ma ziga ya ka ọ gaa mụọ na Petrovsky ụlọ akwụkwọ afọ anọ. Mgbe ọ gụsịrị akwụkwọ n'ebe ahụ ruo afọ atọ, Tributs banyere kosht steeti na ụlọ akwụkwọ ndị agha paramedic, ebe isi uru bụ nri efu na uwe.

Tributs gafere ule ya obere oge ka mgbanwe ahụ gasịrị. Na December 1917, e zigara Vladimir Filippovich n'ụlọ ọgwụ Petrograd ka ọ bụrụ onye enyemaka ahụike nke obere. Na Jenụwarị 1918, Tributs wepụtara onwe ya maka Red Guard. Ọ lụrụ ọgụ megide ndị Jamanị dị nso na Narva, wee jee ozi na ngalaba a na-akpọ ụgbọ elu nke ndị ọrụ ụgbọ mmiri na-eme mgbanwe nke Baltic. N'oge opupu ihe ubi nke 1918, agha ọchịagha Tributs keere òkè na agha nso Astrakhan.

N'oge okpomọkụ nke 1919, iji wusie ike nchebe nke ókèala ndịda, e kpebiri ịnyefe akụkụ nke Baltic ụgbọ mmiri na Caspian Sea. Na onye na-ebibi "Active" n'okpuru iwu nke I. Isakov, dị ka akụkụ nke replenishment, Vladimir Filippovich bịarutere. Na biography nke na-eto eto agha na-akwọ ụgbọ mmiri pụtara ahịrị banyere ikere òkè na agha Baku, Makhachkala, Anzeli. Mgbe e mesịrị, e zigara Tributs na gunboat "Lenin", onye ndị ọrụ họpụtara Vladimir Filippovich na Baku Soviet nke ndị ọrụ na ndị ọrụ ugbo.

Ná mmalite nke iri abụọ, Vladimir Filippovich gụrụ akwụkwọ na ụgbọ mmiri akwụkwọ, mgbe nke a (na 1926) ọ natara ọnọdụ nke platoon ọchịagha na Baltic ụgbọ mmiri ndị ọrụ, ebe ọ jere ozi dị ka ọchịagha nke isi caliber turret na agha ụgbọ mmiri Paris Commune.

Ije ozi n'ụgbọ agha a bụ ihe dị mkpa na ndụ ndị Tributs. Ikike pụrụ iche na ikike ịrụ ọrụ, agụụ maka ihe ọmụma banyere ihe ndị na-eme n'oké osimiri kpebiri ịkwalite nkwalite ya ngwa ngwa. N'oge opupu ihe ubi nke 1929, Tributz ghọrọ onye inyeaka nke abụọ nke ụgbọ mmiri na onye isi nche. N'otu afọ ahụ, ndị ọrụ ụgbọ mmiri ahụ nwere ule siri ike. Ya na onye na-akwọ ụgbọ mmiri Profintern, Paris Commune mere mgbanwe site n'Oké Osimiri Baltic gaa n'Oké Osimiri Ojii. Oké ifufe jidere ụgbọ ahụ. Tributz nyere ndị isi ụgbọ mmiri iwu iwu. Ebili mmiri na-efegharị n'elu oche ahụ, dọkasịa ihe onwunwe ndị a kụsiri ike, ụgbọ agha ahụ dara site n'akụkụ ruo n'akụkụ. Otú ọ dị, ndị ọrụ ụgbọ mmiri ahụ jisiri ike merie ihe ndị ahụ ma weta ụgbọ mmiri na-arụ ọrụ na Sevastopol. Ntụle nke omume Tributs na mkpọsa a pụtara ìhè n'edemede a kanyere n'efere aha ọlaọcha nke Mauser nyere ya:

Mgbe ahụ, e nwere ọrụ ọzọ agha nke Red Fleet - Marat, mgbe nke a họpụtara Tributs ọchịagha nke mbibi Yakov Sverdlov.

Na 1932 Vladimir Filippovich gụsịrị akwụkwọ na Naval Academy. Site na afọ a malitere ngwa ngwa ọrụ nke Tributs. Na 1936, ọ kewara na ụgbọ mmiri ahụ, e zigara ya na isi nke ngalaba nke isi ụlọ ọrụ nke Baltic Fleet, na site na February 1938 ọ na-eduzi isi ụlọ ọrụ a. A obere ihe karịrị otu afọ, na April 1939, a họpụtara Tributs ọchịagha nke Baltic Fleet.

The Great Patriotic War hụrụ ya na Tallinn na post a. Tributs, dị ka ha kwuru mgbe ahụ, "mebiri" nke atọ agha. Isi obodo Estonia ghọrọ ebe bụ isi nke ụgbọ mmiri ahụ. Mgbọ mbụ nke agha ọhụrụ ahụ ewereghị ndị Baltic na mberede. Ọbụna tupu mgbe ahụ, ọchịagha N. Kuznetsov kwupụtara njikere nke 1 maka ụgbọ mmiri niile.

Ndị sonyere n'ihe omume nke ụbọchị ndị ahụ chetara ka Tributs otu oge, na-elele batrị ahụ, si banye n'ụlọ ọgwụ ubi. Ndị merụrụ ahụ bụ ụgha na-anọdụ ala na ahịhịa n'akụkụ ọhịa. Ka ọ na-erute nso, ụfọdụ nwara ibili. "Nọdụ ala, nọdụ ala, ndị enyi!" onye ndu kwusiri ha. Vladimir Filippovich kpọrọ nọọsụ. Onye na-eto eto bụ́ Estonia na-asụ asụsụ Rọshịa nke ọma, ma ọ chọpụtara na onye ọ bụla nọ na-eche ụgbọ ala iji ziga ndị mmadụ n’ụlọ ọgwụ ruo ogologo oge. Tributs nyere ndị nche ya iwu ka ha hapụ gwongworo ahụ maka ndị merụrụ ahụ. "Comrade Commander, ị pụghị ibi ndụ na-enweghị ndị nche," ọchịagha ndị nche mere mkpesa. - Agbapụ n'ime obodo. Ọ bụrụ na ihe emee, a ga-enyefe m n’aka ụlọ ikpe.” Ma ọchịagha ahụ kwughachiri iwu ahụ.

N'August 26, 1941, Isi ụlọ ọrụ nyere iwu ka a chụpụ ebe ahụ. Ụgbọ mmiri ndị ahụ ga-agafe ihe fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ narị kilomita abụọ gafee n'ọnụ mmiri ahụ, bụ nke ndị iro weghaara n'ikpere mmiri ya. V. Tributs e nyere ọtụtụ nhọrọ, ma ọ họọrọ nke kwere ya ịzọpụta ọzọ warships na arịa: na-aga na Cape Yuminda maka minesweepers, ọgụ megide iro n'ụsọ oké osimiri ogbunigwe na ụgbọ mmiri egbe, zoo n'azụ onye iro ugbo elu na ọkụ na-arụsi ọrụ ike maneuver.

N'echi ya na elekere iri na isii, ndị isi agha nke ụgbọ mmiri ahụ hapụrụ mwakpo ahụ. Ha na-aga n'ihu ndị njem ahụ, n'etiti mgbọ ogbunigwe na bọmbụ. Site n'ọdụ ụgbọ mmiri nke ọkụ ụgbọ mmiri Kirov, Tributs hụrụ ọnwụ nke squadron Yakov Sverdlov, nke o nyere iwu n'otu oge. Ụgbọ mmiri okpuru mmiri na-eso Kirov gbawarakwa n'ebe a na-egwupụta ihe. N'ụzọ a na-atụghị anya ya, a hụkwara otu ogbunigwe na-ese n'elu mmiri n'akụkụ ụgbọ mmiri ahụ. Ụgbọ mmiri ahụ kwụsịrị. Ndị ọrụ ụgbọ mmiri ahụ ji okporo osisi malite iji nlezianya buru ya pụọ. Onye na-ahụ maka ndị agha mmiri na-acha uhie uhie, ebe ọ banyere n'ụgbọ mmiri, bepụ afụ ọnụ nchara nke paravane ahụ. Ọnwụ ahụ na-ese n'elu mmiri ji nwayọọ nwayọọ na-agafe n'akụkụ ahụ.

Akụkọ ndị ọchịagha nwetara adịghị agba ume. A gbapụrụ ndị mbibi atọ na ọtụtụ ụgbọ njem n'ime mkpọsa awa atọ. Ụzọ gara n'ihu n'ọchịchịrị nke na-abịa na-eyi egwu na ọ ga-enwe nnukwu mfu n'ihi na enwere ike izute ogbunigwe. Otú ọ dị, ụgbọ elu ndị iro gbochiri arịlịka.

Ọdịmma nke narị otu narị na puku kwuru puku mmadụ na akara nke ụgbọ mmiri dabere na V. Tributs n'oge ahụ. Ma o kpebiri ịkwụsị, debe ha n'usoro ma nyere ndị nọ n'oké osimiri aka. N'ihi nke a, a kpọlitere ọtụtụ mmadụ site na mmiri site na ndị ọrụ nnapụta. N'abalị nke August, Vladimir Filippovich ahapụghị àkwà mmiri ahụ, mgbe chi bọrọ, ụgbọ mmiri ahụ gara n'ihu. Na ọzọ na-amakpu ụgbọ elu, ogbunigwe, ọnwụ nke ụgbọ mmiri na ndị mmadụ. Ọ dabara nke ọma, n'oge na-adịghị anya ogbunigwe ahụ gafere. Ka ọ na-erule mgbede, ndị isi agha rutere Kronstadt. Mfu ndị ahụ dị ukwuu, mana ọchịagha ahụ jisiri ike chekwaa isi ọgụ nke ụgbọ mmiri ahụ.

Na Leningrad, a kpọrọ Vladimir Filippovich ọhụrụ n'ihu ọchịagha G. Zhukov. O nyere iwu ka etinye ụgbọ mmiri na Neva na ngwá agha iji kwado ndị agha 42nd. Mee egbe mgbochi ụgbọ elu maka ọkụ ozugbo wee kụọ tankị ndị iro. Ziga ọkara nke ndị ọkwọ ụgbọ mmiri gaa n'olulu mmiri. Zhukov nyere ụbọchị abụọ.

V. Tributs ghọtara nke ọma ọnọdụ dị ugbu a na nso obodo ahụ na Neva. Obi abụọ adịghị ya, o wutere ya ịhapụ ndị ọkachamara a zụrụ azụ n'elu ala. Ụgbọ mmiri ụfọdụ tụfuru arụmọrụ ọgụ ha na-enweghị ndị ọrụ igwe, ndị na-egwupụta akụ, ndị ọkụ eletrik na ndị ọkachamara ndị ọzọ. Ma n'ihu chọrọ ndị mmadụ ngwa ngwa. Na onye ọchịagha nke ụgbọ mmiri na-erubere iwu, na-enweghị esemokwu ma ọ bụ na General Staff ma ọ bụ na ndị commissar nke ndị agha mmiri. Ndị agha mmiri, ụgbọ mmiri, ụgbọ elu ndị agha na-eti ndị iro ahụ ihe, kụrie ihe ndị na-ahụ anya n'ihu dum.

E gbochiri ụgbọ mmiri Baltic. Vladimir Filippovich kwupụtara echiche a maka oge mbụ na December 1942 nye onyeisi ndị ọrụ ụgbọ mmiri, Yu. Ralle, na onye isi nke ngalaba ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị nke Baltic Fleet, V. Lebedev. Tributs na-akpọ nrụzi ụgbọ mmiri na ịrụ ụgbọ mmiri bụ isi ọrụ maka afọ na-abịa. Enyere omume agha n'oké osimiri n'aka ụgbọ mmiri okpuru mmiri. Ihe ọ bụla ọzọ bụ ịnye ndị ụgbọ mmiri okpuru mmiri ma dozie nsogbu ndị ọzọ.

Ndị Germany aghọghị nna ukwu na Baltic. Ha akwụsịghị na Ladoga. Vladimir Filippovich chetara otú na October 22, 1942, ya na ọchịagha nke Ladoga agha flotilla V. Cherokov na ọchịagha nke BF Air Force M. Samokhin si Osinovets pụọ na Flotilla Command post na Novaya Ladoga. A gwara ha na ụgbọ mmiri ndị iro na ụgbọ mmiri na-adaba na-agba n'agwaetiti Sukho. Ịkwa ákwá bụ ihe kwere nghọta: site na ijide ya, onye iro ahụ chọrọ igbutu akwara Ladoga, na-anapụ ndị Leningrader naanị ụzọ njem. N'ime ụbọchị ahụ dum, V. Tributs nọgidere na Novaya Ladoga, na-ahazi ịghaghachi ndị iro site n'enyemaka nke ụgbọ elu ụgbọ mmiri na ụgbọ mmiri. Ụzọ ndụ nọgidere na-arụ ọrụ.

N'oge mgbụsị akwụkwọ nke 1943, ọchịagha nke Leningrad Front, L. Govorov, setịpụrụ ọrụ maka ụgbọ mmiri Baltic: ịnyefe ndị agha nke I. Fedyuninsky, na ngwá ọrụ niile, gaa na Oranienbaum bridgehead. Nke a chọrọ nzuzo na ngwa ngwa. Naanị na ego ha na-efu, ọkara nke ọrụ ahụ emeworị.

Ụbọchị atọ ka e mesịrị, V.F. Tributs na onye so na ndị agha kansul, N. Smirnov, gara Kronstadt ikpebi otú kacha mma ibufe ndị agha na-emighị emi fairways na a kacha nta nke ọdịda crafting, nyere na onye iro ga-shei n'ebe loading na ebutu. Mgbe obere oge gasịrị, e kpebiri ịrụ ọrụ ahụ n'abalị, mgbe ọ na-egbu oge na ice na chi ọbụbọ, na-eji anwụrụ ọkụ, na-edebe ngwá agha na ụgbọ elu na ọnọdụ njikere.

N'ụtụtụ Jenụwarị 14, 1944, Vladimir Filippovich, nọ n'ebe a na-ahụ maka batrị ndị agha mmiri, na-ebute ụzọ nchebe, hụrụ site na binoculars ka osisi na nkume nke ndị iro na-agbapụta na bunkers si feba n'ikuku site na ọkụ anyị na-etipịa, onye iro. e ji ezigbo ihe kụrie ya buru ihe mgbakwasị ụkwụ. Ihe karịrị otu awa, oké ifufe na-efe efe na-efefe n'elu àkwà mmiri a na-enwe ọganihu na-abịanụ. Mgbe ọ nwụrụ, ndị agha ụkwụ na tankị weghaara. Ya mere, site n'enyemaka nke ngwá agha nke ụgbọ mmiri na ndị agha, ọrụ nke ihu malitere ikpochapụ obodo Lenin site na nnọchibido ahụ. Ruo otu ọnwa na ọkara na 1944, ndị agha nke Red Army, na nkwado nke Baltic Fleet, mere elu 150-300 km, welitere kpamkpam mgbochi na Leningrad. Mgbe Tallinn hapụrụ na 1941, ụgbọ mmiri torpedo bụ ndị ikpeazụ na-apụ n'ọdụ ụgbọ mmiri. Ha bụ ndị mbụ lọghachiri. Na Septemba 23, ọchịagha nke ụgbọ mmiri rutere ebe a. iji hazie ọdịda amfibi na agwaetiti Moonsund. Ịrụ ọrụ siri ike haziri mere ka ahapụ ha n'ime ụbọchị 20. Ụgbọ mmiri Baltic malitere ịrụ ọrụ n'ime ụlọ ihe nkiri ahụ.

Mgbe o weghasịrị Koenigsberg, V. Tributs tụrụ aro ka e were gbuo ebe e wusiri ike nke Pillau iji gbochie onye iro na-ala azụ ibibi ọdụ ụgbọ mmiri ahụ. Abụọ ọdịda, n'ebe ọdịda anyanwụ na n'ebe ọwụwa anyanwụ, rutere na Frishe-Nerung spit, meriri ndị iro otu na counter omume.

Maka Vladimir Filippovich, agha ahụ gara n'ihu ọbụna mgbe mmeri ahụ gasịrị. Ruo afọ abụọ, ọ bụ ya na-ahụ maka mbibi nke ogbunigwe. N'ezie, ndị a bụ ụfọdụ ụdị agha obodo. N'ehihie na abalị, minesweepers na ụgbọ mmiri ndị ọzọ nke ụgbọ mmiri chọpụtara ma bibie ala na arịlịka, kọntaktị na ndị na-abụghị kọntaktị acoustics na magnetik mines. Mana Tributs emezughị ọrụ na ihicha mmiri nke Baltic. Na 1947, e kenyere ya ka ọ bụrụ osote onye isi ndị agha Far Eastern Forces maka ndị agha mmiri.

N'afọ ndị sochirinụ, Admiral duru Hydrographic Directorate nke Naval Forces, bụ onye isi nke ngalaba na ngalaba nke Academy nke General Staff, na-arụ ọrụ na Main Inspectorate nke USSR Ministry of Defense.

Mgbe ọ lara ezumike nká na February 1961, Tributs duru otu n'ime ngalaba nke All-Union Institute of Science and Technical Information. Ọ ghọrọ dọkịta nke sayensị akụkọ ihe mere eme. O nwere ihe karịrị 200 akụkọ na memoirs. Vladimir Filippovich Tributs nwụrụ na August 30, 1977.

Isi mmalite:
Mikhailovsky N. Admiral Tributs. M.: Politizdat, 1982. S. 18-24, 78-87.
Skritsky N. Flagships nke Mmeri. Ọ bụ Vladimir Filippovich dere. M.: Tsentrpoligraf, 2012. S.208-212.
Makeev V. Enweghị mgbochi na oke osimiri // nchịkọta mmiri. 1994. Nke 4. p. 78-81.
Lubchenkov Yu. N. 100 oké ọchịagha nke Agha Ụwa nke Abụọ. M.: Veche, 2012. S.224-225.

Onye ọchịagha nke ụgbọ mmiri, Admiral Tributs, mehiere ala. Akụkọ na Andrey Svetenko

 

July 28 bụ 110th ncheta ọmụmụ - na 1900 - Admiral Vladimir Filippovich Tributs. Andrey Svetenko, onye na-ede akwụkwọ akụkọ maka redio Vesti FM, kwenyesiri ike na ntụgharị na ntụgharị na akara aka nke ọchịagha ụgbọ mmiri Soviet a pụtara ìhè kwughachiri ntụgharị na ntụgharị nke usoro izugbe nke nnọkọ ahụ.

10:29

Svetenko: Na nlele mbụ, ọ dịghị ihe na-egbuke egbuke ma na-etipịa ọdịda na ọrụ agha nke Vladimir Filippovich. Ihe niile mere, dị ka ọ na-emekarị ugbu a ịsị, "site na ndabara", ya bụ, ọ pụtara. Ma n'oge dị iche iche ọ pụtara ihe dị iche iche. Mbụ, àgwà ya iju nna nna. Enweghị ajụjụ n'oge agha obodo. Onye enyemaka ndị agha Tributs nọ n'ọnọdụ dị mma na Northern Flying Squad nke ndị ọrụ ụgbọ mmiri Baltic Fleet, nke onye ama ama Dybenko nyere iwu.

July 28 bụ 110th ncheta ọmụmụ - na 1900 - Admiral Vladimir Filippovich Tributs. Andrey Svetenko, onye na- ede akwụkwọ akụkọ maka redio Vesti FM , kwenyesiri ike na ntụgharị na ntụgharị na akara aka nke ọchịagha ụgbọ mmiri Soviet a pụtara ìhè kwughachiri ntụgharị na ntụgharị nke usoro izugbe nke nnọkọ ahụ.

Ọnwa Asaa 28, 2010

Ikekwe oge kachasị mkpa ọ bụghị naanị na ọrụ ya, kamakwa na ndụ, mere na Jenụwarị 38. Stalin n'onwe ya kpọrọ Tributs. Ọ na-ekwurịta okwu ruo ogologo oge, na-achọpụta ụdị mmasị dị iche iche, omimi nke ihe ọmụma banyere ihe ndị agha mmiri. Otu ọnwa ka e mesịrị, a họpụtara Tributs onye isi ndị ọrụ nke Red Banner Baltic Fleet. Ma afọ abụọ ka e mesịrị, ọ ghọrọ onye-isi nke ọdụ ụgbọ mmiri. N'ọkwa dị ụkọ nke flagship nke ọkwa 1st. N'ihi na a kpagburu ọkọlọtọ ndị ọzọ.

Vesti FM

Amaghị m ugboro ole Vladimir Filippovich mesịrị kọwaa na nna nna ya, ndị serfs si Minsk n'ógbè, natara aha nna - Tributs - na ọchịchọ nke onye nwe ha. Site na okwu ụka - treby - na Belarusian "ebo". Yabụ na ọ nweghị ihe jikọrọ ya na aha nnabata German.

 Na June 22, 1941, Tributs bụ otu n'ime ndị mbụ nyere iwu ka nkeji ya na nhazi ya "iji chụpụ onye iro site n'ike nke ogwe aka." Against backdrop nke mgbagwoju anya nke bilitere na mbụ awa na ala ihe nkiri nke arụmọrụ, kpọmkwem omume nke Tributs mere ka eziokwu ahụ na-atụghị anya ọgụ nke German emeghị ihe ọ bụla mebiri na Baltic Fleet. N'ime awa mbụ nke agha, agbanyeghị. Mgbe ahụ, e nwere ọganihu Tallinn a ma ama, mgbe Tributs, n'agbanyeghị enweghị ndị minesweepers na enweghị mkpuchi ikuku, jisiri ike gbanwee ọtụtụ n'ime ụgbọ mmiri na Gulf of Finland.

 Enwere okwu dị otú ahụ. Oké osimiri anaghị agbaghara mmejọ. Admiral Tributs na oké osimiri emeghị otu ndudue. Nsogbu ya niile sitere na ala.

Ntụgharị ọzọ na ọrụ ya mere na Mee 47. Mgbe onye ọchịagha nke 8th Baltic Fleet, Admiral Tributs, wedara ala n'enweghị nkọwa ọ bụla wee bufee ya na Far East. Site na ndabara - n'afọ ahụ, mkpọsa malitere na mba ahụ iji luso ndị cosmopolitans enweghị mgbọrọgwụ ọgụ. Ma mgbe ọ na-adịru, ọnọdụ nke Tributs gbanwere kwa ọnwa isii - site na iwu ruo ndị ọrụ, site na ndị ọrụ ruo inyeaka. Nke ikpeazụ bụ ngalaba na Academy of General Staff. Na 1960, mgbe nkọwa mara mma nke Marshal Rokossovsky dere, "Admiral Tributs bụ onye na-ahụ maka ndị agha na-emepe emepe nke ọma. O nwere ihe ọmụma miri emi, nke n'otu oge ahụ na-akawanye mma mgbe niile "... - Admiral Tributs lara ezumike nká n'enweghị nsogbu.

04/12/2019

Ndị Baltic na-alụ ọgụ

N'April 2015, n'ememe ncheta nke iri asaa nke njedebe nke Agha Patriotic Ukwu ahụ, dị nso na trestle àkwà mmiri na Kaliningrad, mgbe e wughachiri ya, a na-emegharị Tributs embankment, nke dị adị kemgbe oge Soviet.

Order nke Red Star

Ebe nchekwa Volodymyr Tributs

    N'oge mbụ nke Great Patriotic War, Vladimir Filippovich duuru ụgbọ mmiri ahụ, bụ ndị na-enyere ndị agha ala na mpaghara ndị dị n'ụsọ oké osimiri aka, na-agbachitere Tallinn, Hanko, Moonsund Archipelago, mebiri nkwukọrịta ndị iro na Oké Osimiri Baltic. N'August 1941, o duuru mgbanwe nke ndị agha ụgbọ mmiri si Tallinn gaa Kronstadt. Mgbe ahụ, o duuru ndị na-ebupụ ndị agha nke ọdụ ụgbọ mmiri Hanko. O so na nzukọ na mmejuputa agbachitere Leningrad, na ọkwa ya niile, na-emekọrịta ihe na ndị agha ala na ọrụ ndị Red Army mere.

Iwu abụọ nke Ushakov, 1st klas 

Mgbe agha ahụ gasịrị, e zigara Vladimir Tributs ka ọ gụọ akwụkwọ na Frunze Naval School. Mgbe ọ gụsịrị akwụkwọ na mahadum na 1926, ọ laghachiri Baltic Fleet, mgbe ọ natara post nke platoon ọchịagha nke ndị ọrụ ụgbọ mmiri, na mgbe ahụ a họpụtara na agha "Paris Commune" dị ka ọchịagha nke isi caliber turret. Site na 1929 ruo 1932 ọ gụrụ akwụkwọ na Naval Academy, mgbe nke ahụ gasịrị, ọ jere ozi dị ka onye mbụ na Marat agha. Site na 1934 ruo 1936 ọ jere ozi dị ka ọchịagha na-ebibi Yakov Sverdlov. Mgbe ahụ, ọ bụ onye isi nke ngalaba ọzụzụ ọgụ na isi ụlọ ọrụ Baltic Fleet. Site na February 1938 ọ ghọrọ onyeisi ndị ọrụ nke Baltic Fleet. N'April 1939, a họpụtara ya ọchịagha nke ụgbọ mmiri. N'afọ 1940, e buliri ya gaa n'ọkwa Vice Admiral.

Usoro nke Cross nke Grunwald, klas nke mbụ, Poland 

Ihe nrite

Vladimir Filippovich Tributs nwụrụ na August 30, 1977. E liri ya na Novodevichy Cemetery na Moscow.

Iwu anọ nke ọkọlọtọ uhie 

Order nke October mgbanwe 

Order nke Nakhimov, 1st klas 

Ngwa agha akpọrọ 

Onye isi ndị agha Russia. Fleet Admiral. Ọchịagha nke Baltic Fleet. 

Ndị Baltic na-aga n'ihu

Ndị agha ụgbọ mmiri Baltic na-awakpo

Ndị Baltic na-abanye n'ọgba aghara ahụ

Admiral Tributs Street na St. Petersburg kemgbe 2008. 

Akwụkwọ edemede nke Vladimir Tributs

Nnukwu mgbochi ụgbọ mmiri "Admiral Tributs", nke bụ akụkụ nke Pacific Fleet.

Na ntinye nke Tributs, e kere ndị agha ụgbọ mmiri n'ime ụgbọ mmiri ahụ, nke, ya na ngwa agha nke Leningrad Front, weghaara mgbaghara dị ike ma bibie batrị ndị iro kachasị ike. Site na 1943 ruo 1944, o so na mmepe na omume nke ọrụ imebi mgbochi na imeri ndị iro na Leningrad mpaghara, nakwa dị ka Vyborg, Svir-Petrozavodsk mkparị ọrụ, n'oge nke o nyeere ndị agha nke Leningrad na Karelian n'ihu na ọkụ nke ụgbọ mmiri na ogbunigwe n'ụsọ oké osimiri, ọdịda nke ụgbọ mmiri tactical landings, omume nke ụgbọ elu ụgbọ mmiri. Mgbe e mesịrị, o duuru ndị agha nke ụgbọ mmiri na ọrụ ọdịda iji weghara àgwàetiti ndị dị na Moonsund Archipelago, iji nyere ndị dị n'ụsọ oké osimiri aka na ọrụ mkparị na Baltic, East Prussia na East Pomerania.

N'oge na-adịghị anya ka mgbanwe nke Ọktoba gasịrị, e kenyere Tributs n'ụlọ ọgwụ dị na Petrograd dịka onye enyemaka ahụike nke obere. Ná mmalite nke 1918, o ji aka ya sonye na Red Guard, lụrụ ọgụ na nso Narva megide ndị Germany. Mgbe ahụ, e tinyere ya n'òtù ndị agha mmiri na-ejikọta ya n'okpuru iwu Dybenko. N'oge Agha Obodo, ọ jere ozi na mpaghara mbụ nke Northern na-efe efe nke ndị ọrụ ụgbọ mmiri na-eme mgbanwe nke Baltic, so na agha ndị dị nso Astrakhan dị ka akụkụ nke Astrakhan flotilla nke e hiwere ọhụrụ. Na 1919, dị ka akụkụ nke replenishment, ọ banyere ndị ọrụ nke mbibi "Active". Mgbe e mesịrị zigara ndị mbibi, mgbe ahụ na gunboat "Lenin". Ọ tọhapụrụ obodo Baku, Makhachkala, na Anzeli.

Iwu abụọ nke Lenin 

Na 1961, Vladimir Filippovich lara ezumike nká na isi otu akụkụ nke All-Union Institute of Sayensị na Nka na ụzụ Ozi. Na ezumike nká, ọ mụtara akụkọ ihe mere eme nke Soviet ụgbọ mmiri. Haziri ihe karịrị akwụkwọ 200, gụnyere akwụkwọ anọ. Dị ka ngụkọta nke ndị ọkà mmụta sayensị ọrụ na 1970, ọ e nyere nzere nke Dọkịta nke Historical Sciences.

Vladimir Tributs Awards

Vladimir Tributs mụrụ na July 28, 1900 na St. Petersburg. Ọ gụrụ akwụkwọ praịmarị n'ụlọ akwụkwọ afọ atọ. Mgbe ahụ, ọ gụrụ akwụkwọ na Petrovsky Higher Primary anọ-Class School. Afọ atọ ka e mesịrị, ọ banyere ụlọ akwụkwọ ahụike ndị agha.

Vladimir Filippovich Tributs nyere iwu Red Banner Baltic Fleet ruo May 1947. Mgbe ahụ ọ bụ osote onye isi ọchịagha nke Far East maka ndị agha mmiri. Na 1949 ọ ghọrọ onye isi nke Hydrographic Department of the Naval Forces. Na 1951, ọ kwagara n'ọkwá nke isi nke ngalaba na ngalaba nke Military Academy nke General Staff aha ya bụ K.E. Voroshilov. Site na 1957 ruo 1960 ọ rụrụ ọrụ dị ka onye na-enyocha Admiral nke Navy Inspectorate nke Main Inspectorate nke USSR Ministry of Defence.

Na May 1943, Vladimir Tributs e nyere ọkwa nke admiral.
Site na August 1957 ọ jere ozi dị ka Admiral-Inspector nke Navy na Main Inspectorate nke USSR Ministry of Defence.
Na 1934, Vladimir Tributs họpụtara ọchịagha nke mbibi "Yakov Sverdlov" (na 1911-1926 - "Novik"). Na 1937, e zigara ya n'isi ụlọ ọrụ nke Baltic Fleet na post nke isi nke ọgụ ọzụzụ ngalaba. Na February 1938, Vladimir Tributs ghọrọ onyeisi ndị ọrụ nke Baltic Fleet. Na April 1939, a họpụtara ya ọchịagha nke Baltic Fleet.
Na March 1946, Vladimir Tributs họpụtara ọchịagha nke 8th Navy (North Baltic Fleet, na 1955 ghọrọ akụkụ nke Baltic Fleet). Site na Mee 1947 ọ bụ osote ọchịagha nke Far East maka ndị agha mmiri. Na Septemba 1948, o weghaara ọkwa onye isi nke Ngalaba Naval Educational Institutions of the Navy, na Machị 1949 ọ bụ onye isi ngalaba Hydrographic nke USSR Navy.
Na 1970, dabere na ngụkọta nke ọrụ sayensị, e nyere ya ogo nke Dọkịta nke Historical Sciences.
Na 1929, Tributs banyere Naval Academy (ugbu a Military Educational na Sayensị Center nke Navy "Naval Academy aha Admiral nke Fleet nke Soviet Union N. G. Kuznetsov"). Mgbe ọ gụsịrị akwụkwọ na 1932, e debara aha ya dị ka a agadi nnyemaaka ọchịagha na battleship Marat (na 1914-1921 na 1943-1950 - Petropavlovsk, na 1950-1953 - Volkhov).
N'oge Great Patriotic War nke 1941-1945. Vladimir Tributs duziri omume nke ndị agha Baltic Fleet. N'okpuru iwu ya, n'August 1941, ndị isi agha nke Baltic Fleet si n'ọdụ ụgbọ mmiri Tallinn (Estonia SSR, ugbu a Estonia) kwụsịrị site n'aka ndị agha German na Kronstadt. N'agbanyeghị mmegide na-arụsi ọrụ ike nke ụgbọ mmiri German na Finnish na ụgbọ elu, ọtụtụ ndị agha Soviet (ihe karịrị 100 ụgbọ mmiri na ụgbọ mmiri nkwado, ihe karịrị 18 puku mmadụ) jisiri ike ruo Kronstadt. N'October - Disemba 1941, n'okpuru nduzi nke Tributs, e mere ọrụ iji wepụ ogige nke ndị agha mmiri Soviet nke Hanko (Finland). N'afọ 1941-1944. Ndị agha BF keere òkè na nchekwa nke Leningrad na ibuli mgbochi nke obodo ahụ. Ụgbọ mmiri nke ụgbọ mmiri na-akwado ndị agha ala na-agba ọkụ, na-eduzi ọgụ megide batrị,
A họpụtara ya ịbụ osote nke Soviet Kasị Elu nke USSR (1946-1950).
Site Jenụwarị 1952, Vladimir Tributs rụrụ ọrụ dị ka onyeisi nke ngalaba nke elu ụgbọ mmiri, site August 1953 - na ngalaba nke elu formations, si December 1953 - naval ngalaba nke Higher Military Academy. K.E. Voroshilova (ugbu a Academy Military nke General Staff nke ndị agha nke Russian Federation).
Ndị agha Fleet n'okpuru iwu Vladimir Tributs so na agha Soviet-Finnish (1939-1940). N'afọ 1940, e nyere ya ọkwa nke flagship nke 1st, n'otu afọ ahụ, a kwalitere ya ka ọ bụrụ osote admiral.
E nyere ya Orders nke Lenin abụọ (1940, 1945), Order of the October Revolution (1970), Orders of the Red Banner anọ (1943, 1944, 1944, 1948), abụọ Orders nke Ushakov I ogo (1944, 1945). , Order nke Nakhimov I ogo (1945), Order nke Red Star (1935), nrite. O nwekwara ihe nrite sitere na mba ofesi - Order of the Cross of Grunwald (Poland, 1946), bụ ọchịagha nke Order of the Legion of Honor (USA).

Vladimir Filippovich Tributs mụrụ na July 28 (July 15, ochie style) July 1900 na St. Petersburg (na 1914-1924 - Petrograd, na 1924-1991 - Leningrad).
Na December 1917, Vladimir Tributs gụsịrị akwụkwọ na ndị agha paramedic ụlọ akwụkwọ na Petrograd na a họpụtara junior ahụike nnyemaaka na Nikolaevsky agha ụlọ ọgwụ. Na 1918 ọ sonyeere n'ọkwa nke ndị ọrụ 'na ndị nkịtị' Red Army (RKKA). O so na agha obodo nke 1917-1922. A họpụtara ya onye nlekọta ahụike nke otu ndị ọrụ ụgbọ mmiri nke Baltic Fleet (BF), ezigara na 1918 na Caspian Flotilla. Ọ bụ onye so na ndị ọrụ nke mbibi "Active", mgbe ahụ - gunboat "Lenin" (na 1910-1920 - "Kars", na 1955-1958 - "PKZ-100"). N'afọ 1920, o sonyere na ọrụ Enzeli iji weghachite ụgbọ mmiri ndị agha White kpụpụrụ n'ọdụ ụgbọ mmiri Iran nke Anzeli (nke bụ Bender-Anzeli ugbu a) n'Oké Osimiri Caspian.
N'oge mgbụsị akwụkwọ nke 1944, n'okpuru nduzi nke Tributs, a rụrụ ọrụ ọdịda Moonsund iji tọhapụ agwaetiti nke Moonsund Archipelago (nke bụ akụkụ nke Estonia ugbu a) site na akụkụ German. Ndị agha nke Baltic Fleet kwadoro ndị agha ala n'oge Baltic (1944), East Prussian (1945) na East Pomeranian (1945) arụrụ ọrụ mkparị.
Na July 1956, a họpụtara ya onyeisi nke ọrụ-tactical nsogbu nchọpụta ìgwè nke General Staff nke USSR Navy.
Na 1922, Vladimir Tributs banyere Petrograd Naval School. M. V. Frunze (ugbu a Military Institute of Military Educational na Scientific Center nke Navy "Naval Academy aha ya bụ Admiral nke Fleet nke Soviet Union N. G. Kuznetsov", St. Petersburg). Ebe ọ bụ na 1926 ọ jere ozi na agha "Paris n'obodo" (1911-1921 na 1943-1956 - "Sevastopol"). Na 1927, a họpụtara ya onye nlekọta nche nke ụgbọ mmiri a.
Na February 1961, Admiral Tributs lara ezumike nká. O biri na Moscow, bụ onye isi nke ngalaba na All-Union Institute of Scientific and Technical Information (ugbu a All-Russian Institute of Scientific and Technical Information nke Russian Academy of Sciences).
Na nsọpụrụ nke Vladimir Tributs, a na-akpọ nnukwu ụgbọ mmiri mgbochi ụgbọ mmiri nke oru ngo 1155, nke bụ akụkụ nke Pacific Fleet nke ndị agha mmiri Russia.

Tributs nọ na-arụsi ọrụ ike na nyocha akụkọ ihe mere eme, mere ọtụtụ ọrụ iji kwalite ahụmịhe ọgụ nke ụgbọ mmiri, nwetara n'oge Agha Patriotic Ukwu. Ọ bụ onye dere ihe karịrị akwụkwọ 200 na akụkọ ihe mere eme nke ndị agha mmiri Russia. Akwụkwọ ndị a ma ama bụ "Ndị agha ụgbọ mmiri Baltic" (1963), "Ndị Baltic na-aga n'ihu" (1968), "Ndị Baltic na-abanye n'agha" (1972), "Ndị Baltic na-alụ ọgụ" (1975).
Vladimir Tributs nwụrụ na August 30, 1977 mgbe ọ dị afọ 77. E liri ya na Moscow na Novodevichy Cemetery.
Alụlụ di na nwunye. Nwunye Muza, nwa nwanyị Irina (1941-2012). Grandson Anton (1970-2004), jere ozi na ndị agha mmiri, bụ onye isi nke ọkwa nke abụọ.

N'ihi ịtọgbọrọ m na mpaghara KBF, ndị Germany nwere ihe ịga nke ọma n'imebi omume ya. Emerighị mfu ndị ụgbọ mmiri ahụ nwetara ruo mgbe agha ahụ biri. Ihe si na ihe ndị Germany nwetara bụ enweghị ọrụ nke ụgbọ mmiri Baltic. Karịsịa, ụgbọ mmiri okpuru mmiri nke KBF bụ ndị na-aga agha agha gara n'ogige ogbunigwe nke ndị iro, n'amaghị kpọmkwem ebe ha nọ. Ndị ụgbọ mmiri ahụ nwere nnukwu mfu. N'etiti ndị na-akwọ ụgbọ mmiri nke Baltic Fleet na-enwe ogologo ntachi obi, n'ihi ụjọ nke onwe ya na egwu nke ịkọ akụkọ ihe mere eme n'oké osimiri, ọ natara aha ya bụ "Killer." Mgbe e mesịrị, o duuru ndị agha nke ụgbọ mmiri na ọrụ ọdịda iji weghara àgwàetiti ndị dị na Moonsund Archipelago, iji nyere ndị dị n'ụsọ oké osimiri aka na ọrụ mkparị na Baltic. East Prussia na East Pomerania. Site na March 1946 ruo May 1947 ọ nyere iwu 8th Navy (SBF).

Enyere: abụọ Orders nke Lenin (1940, 1945), Order nke October mgbanwe (1970), anọ Orders nke Red Banner (1943, 1944, 1944, 1948), abụọ Orders nke Ushakov, I ogo (1944 - Mba 1). , 1945), Order nke Nakhimov, I ogo (1945), Order nke Red Star (1935), nrite, aha ya bụ ngwá agha (1930).

N'oge mbụ nke Great Patriotic War, o duuru omume nke ndị agha nke ụgbọ mmiri, bụ ndị na-enyere ndị agha ala n'ụsọ oké osimiri, na nchekwa nke Tallinn, Hanko, Moonsund Archipelago, mebiri ndị iro nkwukọrịta na Baltic Sea. N'August 1941 ọ haziri ma duru mgbanwe dị egwu nke ndị agha ụgbọ mmiri si Tallinn gaa Kronstadt na Leningrad. Ọ na-ekere òkè na-arụsi ọrụ ike na nzukọ na mmejuputa iwu nke agbachitere Leningrad, na ya nile nkebi (1941-1943): nkà na-emekọrịta ihe na ala agha na arụmọrụ ekenịmde Red Army; ji ndị agha ụgbọ mmiri okpuru mmiri nke ụgbọ mmiri ahụ mebie ozi ndị iro n'Oké Osimiri Baltic ma buso ndị iro dị arọ na nnukwu ogbunigwe ọgụ na-eti obodo ahụ ọgụ. N'ime ndị agha mmiri, n'uche ya, e kere ìgwè ndị agha mmiri. nke, ya na ogbunigwe nke Leningrad Front, wetara ogbugbu ndị siri ike ma bibie batrị ndị iro kacha arụ ọrụ. Na 1943-1944, ọ na-ekere òkè na mmepe na omume nke ọrụ imebi mgbochi na imeri ndị iro na Leningrad mpaghara, nakwa dị ka Vyborg, Svir-Petrozavodsk mkparị ọrụ, n'oge nke o nyeere ndị agha nke Leningrad na Karelian n'ihu na ọkụ nke ụgbọ mmiri na ogbunigwe n'ụsọ oké osimiri, ọdịda nke ụgbọ mmiri tactical landings, omume nke ụgbọ elu ụgbọ mmiri.

Nwụrụ - August 30, 1977, Moscow.

Onye agha Soviet, Admiral (May 31, 1943), Dọkịta nke Sayensị akụkọ ihe mere eme (1972), ọchịagha nke Fleet Baltic na 1939-1947. Mkpebi nke mfu nke ndị ọrụ Red Banner Baltic Fleet na 1941-1945. A mụrụ July 15, 1900, St. Petersburg. Na 1918 o ji aka ya sonye n'Òtù Ndị Agha Mmiri. Mgbe agha obodo gasịrị, ọ gụsịrị akwụkwọ na Higher Naval School na Naval Academy, jere ozi na Baltic Fleet na agha Marat na-ebibi Yakov Sverdlov. Ebe ọ bụ na February 1938 - Chief of Staff nke Baltic Fleet. N'April 1939, a họpụtara ya ọchịagha nke ụgbọ mmiri. Na Jenụwarị 28, 1940, e kenyere ọkwa agha ọzọ na flagship nke ọkwa mbụ, na June 4, 1940, enwetara ya akwụkwọ ikike dị ka osote admiral.

Mgbe ọ lara ezumike nká na 1961, ọ bụ onye isi ngalaba nke All-Union Institute of Scientific and Technical Information (VINITI). Na ezumike nká, ọ mụtara akụkọ ihe mere eme nke Soviet ụgbọ mmiri. Haziri ihe karịrị akwụkwọ 200, gụnyere akwụkwọ anọ. Dị ka ngụkọta nke ndị ọkà mmụta sayensị ọrụ na 1970 e nyere ya aha nke Dọkịta nke Historical Sciences. 

Ebe ọ bụ na May 28, 1947 - osote onye isi ọchịagha nke Far East maka ndị agha mmiri. Na June 1948, a na-akpọ ya Moscow. Na Septemba 1948 - Jenụwarị 1949 - Onye isi nke Directorate of Naval Educational Institutions na Senior Naval Commander na Leningrad. Na Machị 1949 - Disemba 1951 - Onye isi ngalaba Hydrographic nke USSR Navy. Na June-September 1948 na Jenụwarị-March 1949, ọ nọgidere na-aka nke ọchịagha-na-isi. Site na Jenụwarị 1952 ọ kwagara na post nke isi nke ngalaba na ngalaba nke Military Academy nke General Staff. K.E. Voroshilova. Mbụ - onye isi nke ngalaba nke ụgbọ mmiri elu, site na August 1953 - isi nke ngalaba nke tactics nke elu formations, si December 1953 na July 1956 - isi nke naval ngalaba. Site July 1956 ruo August 1957 - isi nke arụmọrụ-tactical nsogbu nnyocha otu nke Main Staff nke Navy.


Ndị isi, Vladimir Filippovich

Ọnụ ọnụ ọnụ ọnụ nke ihe nrụpụta: 260/3000000

Admiral V.F. Tributs

N'afọ ndị mbụ nke Agha Ụwa nke Abụọ, ọ na-eduzi omume nke ndị agha nke ụgbọ mmiri, bụ ndị na-enyere ndị agha ala na mpaghara ndị dị n'ụsọ oké osimiri aka, na nchebe nke Tallinn, Hanko, Moonsund Archipelago, mebiri nkwukọrịta ndị iro na Oké Osimiri Baltic. Ọgọst 1941, o duuru ngafe Talin. N'ime nke mfu na ụgbọ mmiri agha n'oge njem Tallinn ruru nkeji iri na itoolu na mfu nke ụgbọ njem na ụgbọ mmiri inyeaka ruru 43 nkeji. Isi ihe kpatara ọnwụ nke ụgbọ mmiri bụ ogbunigwe nke ụgbọ mmiri 15 na ụgbọ njem 16 na ụgbọ mmiri inyeaka. O so na nzukọ na mmejuputa agbachitere Leningrad, na ọkwa ya niile (1941-1943), na-emekọrịta ihe na ndị agha ala na ọrụ ndị Red Army mere.

  • Order of the October Revolution (1970) Site na March 1946 ruo May 1947 o nyere iwu 8th Navy (SBF).



Vladimir Filippovich Tributs (July 15 [28], 1900, St. Petersburg - August 30, 1977, Moscow) - agha ndú nke USSR, Admiral (May 31, 1943), Dọkịta nke Historical Sciences (1972), ọchịagha nke Baltic. Ụgbọ mmiri na 1939-1947.

  • Iwu 2 nke Lenin (1940, 1945)
  • Ngwa agha nominal (1930)
    N'ịbụ onye gbara arụkwaghịm na 1961, Tributs na-eduzi ngalaba nke All-Union Institute of Scientific and Technical Information (VINITI). Na ezumike nká, ọ mụtara akụkọ ihe mere eme nke Soviet ụgbọ mmiri. Kwadebere ihe karịrị akwụkwọ 200, dere akwụkwọ 4 banyere ọrụ siri ike nke ndị ọrụ ụgbọ mmiri. Dabere na mkpokọta ọrụ sayensị ya, n'afọ 1970, enyere ya nzere Dọkịta nke Sayensị akụkọ ihe mere eme. Nha arụmụka template: 239/2097152 bytes



  • 2 iwu nke Ushakov, I ogo (1944 - No. 1, 1945)

    Ekwesịrị ka emegharịa akụkọ a!

    Ojiji ozugbo: 0.045 sekọnd

    Site na Jenụwarị 1952 ọ kwagara na post nke isi nke ngalaba na ngalaba nke Military Academy nke General Staff. K.E. Voroshilova. Mbụ - onye isi nke ngalaba nke ụgbọ mmiri elu, site na August 1953 - isi nke ngalaba nke tactics nke elu formations, si December 1953 na July 1956 - isi nke naval ngalaba. Site July 1956 ruo August 1957 - isi nke arụmọrụ-tactical nsogbu nnyocha otu nke Main Staff nke Navy. Ruo February 1961 - Onye nyocha Admiral nke Navy Inspectorate nke Main Inspectorate nke USSR Ministry of Defense.


    N'ịbụ onye na-enye ndị ọrụ ụgbọ mmiri iwu na ọrụ ọdịda iji weghara àgwàetiti nke Moonsund Archipelago, o nyeere ndị dị n'ụsọ oké osimiri aka na arụrụ arụ na Baltic, East Prussia na East Pomerania.

  • Iwu 4 nke Red Banner (1943, 1944, 1944, 1948)
  • Agha Baltics (1975)
    onyinye mba ofesi

    Vladimir Filippovich bụ akụkọ ihe mere eme



    Na 1918 o ji aka ya sonye n'Òtù Ndị Agha Mmiri. Mgbe Agha Obodo gasịrị, mgbe ọ gụsịrị akwụkwọ na Higher Naval School na Naval Academy, ọ jere ozi na Baltic Fleet na agha Marat na mgbe e mesịrị na-ebibi Yakov Sverdlov. Ebe ọ bụ na February 1938 - Chief of Staff nke Baltic Fleet. N'April 1939, a họpụtara ya ọchịagha nke ụgbọ mmiri. Na Jenụwarị 28, 1940, e kenyere ọkwa agha ọzọ na flagship nke ọkwa mbụ, na June 4, 1940, enwetara ya akwụkwọ ikike dị ka osote admiral.

  • Ndị Baltic na-abanye n'ọgụ ahụ (1972) Preprocessor gara leta ọnụ ọgụgụ ọnụ: 39/3000000 Gaa na: igodo, chọọ Mgbasawanye mgbasa ozi gụnyere nha: 1252/2097152 bytes Kemgbe May 28, 1947 - osote onye isi ọchịagha nke Far East maka ụgbọ mmiri. Ndị agha. Na June 1948, a na-akpọ ya Moscow. Na September 1948 - Jenụwarị 1949 - ọ ghọrọ onye isi nke Directorate nke Naval Educational Institutions na onyeisi ndị agha mmiri na Leningrad. Na Machị 1949 - Disemba 1951 - Onye isi ngalaba Hydrographic nke USSR Navy. Na June-September 1948 na Jenụwarị-March 1949, ọ nọgidere na-aka nke ọchịagha-na-isi. Ojiji CPU oge: 0.033 sekọnd





    Biko, hazie ya dịka iwu maka ịhazi akụkọ si dị.

  • Ndị Baltic na-abịa (1968)
  • Order nke Nakhimov, 1st klas (1945)
    • Ndị agha okpuru mmiri Baltic wakporo (1963) N'oge ọrụ ya e nyere ya na 1943 ọ kwalitere ịbụ onye nchịkwa zuru oke. Na ntinye nke Tributs, e kere ndị agha ụgbọ mmiri, yana ngwa agha nke Leningrad Front, ha weghaara mgbaghara dị ike ma bibie batrị ndị iro kacha arụ ọrụ. Na 1943-1944, ọ na-ekere òkè na mmepe na omume nke ọrụ iji merie ndị iro na mebie mgbochi na Leningrad mpaghara, nakwa dị ka Vyborg, Svir-Petrozavodsk mkparị arụmọrụ, n'oge nke o nyeere ndị agha nke Leningrad na Karelian n'ihu na ọkụ nke ụgbọ mmiri na ogbunigwe n'ụsọ oké osimiri, ọdịda nke ụgbọ mmiri tactical landings, omume nke ụgbọ elu ụgbọ mmiri.

      Ọrụ edemede

    • Ihe nrite
    • Order nke Red Star (1935)
      • Order nke Cross nke Grunwald, klas nke mbụ, Poland (1946)


0 replies on “Admiral Tributz - akụkọ ndụ”

Ich tue Abbitte, dass sich eingemischt hat... Aber mir ist dieses Thema sehr nah. Schreiben Sie in PM.

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