Himalayan acha anụnụ anụnụ poppy - ịkụ na nlekọta

Kedu aha ole osisi a nwere: Himalayan, Tibet, mgbịrịgba! Ndị a niile bụ aha poppy meconopsis na-acha anụnụ anụnụ. Maka oge mbụ, osisi a malitere ịmalite dị ka ifuru na akwa ifuru ụlọ na England oge ochie, ọ bụ ezie na ifuru ahụ sitere na mpaghara ugwu ugwu nke ugwu Himalaya. Acha anụnụ anụnụ Himalayan poppy mekonopsis bụ akara mba nke Bhutan, nke a na-asọpụrụ dị ka ihe nnọchianya nke obi ụtọ, udo, nkwekọrịta.

mkpụrụ osisi poppy blue Himalayan meconopsis

Botanical ozi banyere osisi

Meconopsis bụ ahịhịa ahịhịa nke dicot. Ọ bụ nke ezinụlọ poppy. Ogo ifuru na-adịgasị iche site na ụdị. Osisi kachasị ala dị elu 10 cm, nke kachasị elu - ruo 1 mita. Ụfọdụ ụdị perennial na-eto na okike, mana ọtụtụ poppies bụ osisi ndị na-eto eto, otu nke a na-akpọ monocarpics, okooko na ịmị mkpụrụ otu ugboro n'ime usoro ndụ ha dum.

ị ga na epupụta

Poppy-acha anụnụ anụnụ meconopsis bụ dwarf herbaceous shrub, nke mejupụtara ọnụ ọgụgụ buru ibu nke rosettes, nke dị n'ụzọ ọzọ ma ọ bụ megidere na azuokokoosisi, nke petiolate bluish-acha akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ kpụrụ. Akụkụ nke osisi ahụ na-ebili n'elu ala, ma e wezụga maka okooko osisi, na-ekpuchi kpamkpam na ezigbo ikpo, nke yiri fluff, nke na-acha ọcha ma ọ bụ na-acha odo odo-oroma. Usoro mgbọrọgwụ bụ mkpanaka ma ọ bụ fibrous, na-arụsi ọrụ ike alaka.

acha anụnụ anụnụ himalayan poppy meconopsis

okooko osisi

Nkezi dayameta nke okooko osisi bụ 5-7.5 cm, na nnukwu okooko osisi ọ dị ihe dịka 20 cm, n'ọnọdụ ụfọdụ ha nwere ike iru 25 cm. A na-anakọta okooko osisi na racemose ma ọ bụ paniculate inflorescences nke agba dị iche iche: acha anụnụ anụnụ, azure, acha anụnụ anụnụ, lavender, odo odo, ọcha, odo tint. Ihe ruru izu anọ poppy na-acha anụnụ anụnụ Himalayan meconopsis. Mkpụrụ chara n'onwe na igbe mkpụrụ osisi akọrọ.

Osisi poppy na-acha anụnụ anụnụ Himalayan

Ihe dị mkpa! Ahịhịa na akwụkwọ osisi nwere ihe ọṅụṅụ mmiri ara ehi, nke na-enweghị ọgwụ ọjọọ, ma nwere ogige na-egbu egbu, nke mere ifuru a ji bụrụ nke otu osisi na-egbu egbu.

Mpaghara uto

Ebe omumu nke mekonopsis na-acha anụnụ anụnụ bụ oke ọhịa dị elu, ahịhịa alpine na-ekpo ọkụ, nke dị na elu 3,000 m n'elu oke osimiri: na Bhutan, Nepal, Burma, India, China. Agbajiri ebe obibi.

osisi poppy na-acha anụnụ anụnụ

Ụdị meconopsis na nkọwa ha dị nkenke

Na ókèala Russia, ụdị akwụkwọ ozi meconopsis na-ahapụ, na-eto n'ime ọhịa, bụ ihe a na-ahụkarị.

Mpaghara nkesa nke ọdịbendị taa gbasaara ntakịrị wee weghara Alaska, Canada, Scandinavia, Japan, Australia na New Zealand.

Anụ ọhịa poppy so na otu osisi na-adịghị ahụkebe, ya mere edepụtara ya na Red Book ma chebe ya site na iwu. Edepụtara ihe dị ka ụdị poppy 20 ndị Eshia dị ka ndị nọ n'ihe ize ndụ.

Na mkpokọta, ndị ọkà mmụta sayensị edebanyela ihe karịrị ụdị osisi 50 nke otu a. Ụfọdụ poppies ọhịa ndị a kpọtụrụ aha n'ihe odide oge ochie enwetabeghị nkọwa zuru ezu n'ihi enweghị ebe obibi ha. Taa, ị ga-amarịrị ụdị ụdị poppy meconopsis kachasị ama. Ya mere, ka anyị malite.

meconopsis grandis

Grandiz nnukwu nnukwu - ụdị poppy na-acha anụnụ anụnụ Himalaya, nke mmadụ na-akọ ma tolite dị ka teknụzụ ọrụ ugbo si dị kemgbe 1895. Joseph Hooker bụ onye mbụ chọpụtara osisi ifuru a dị nro n'ụwa. Otu onye na-achụ nta ihe ọkụkụ nke Britain edugawo njem gaa n'ugwu kachasị elu n'ụwa na-achọ ifuru na-acha anụnụ anụnụ dị ịtụnanya. Ọrụ nke ndị na-azụ anụ, na-adịru ihe karịrị otu narị afọ, ekwela ka ụwa chọpụta ọnụ ọgụgụ dị ukwuu nke ụdị na ngwakọ nke poppy Himalaya.

acha anụnụ anụnụ

Meconopsis grandis bụ ụdị osisi rosette nke ọkara, oge okooko ya na-adị site na Mee ruo August. Ogologo osisi toro eto ruru 60 cm. Akwụkwọ ndị ahụ bụ ellipsoid, a na-egbutu ọnụ ya na ezé. Peduncles wedara, nkezi ogologo - 10 cm Okooko osisi na dayameta nwere ike iru 10-13 cm Ha na-acha anụnụ anụnụ, acha anụnụ anụnụ, lilac, pink, ọcha.

Foto poppy na-acha anụnụ anụnụ Himalayan

Meconopsis betonicifolia (Bailey)

Ọ na-ewu ewu nke ukwuu n'etiti ndị ikwu ya. Enwere ihe karịrị ụdị 10 nke Bailey meconopsis, dị iche na ibe ya n'ụdị ohia na usoro ya, ịdị elu nke ifuru, ọdịdị na nha ha. Ngwakọta ozuzu - ụdị ọcha nke meconopsis Bailey Alba.

okooko osisi poppies na-acha anụnụ anụnụ

Na ihu igwe na-ekpo ọkụ, ifuru na-apụta na njedebe nke May ma na-aga n'ihu ruo mmalite Septemba. Osisi ahụ nwere ike iguzogide mgbanwe okpomọkụ na mberede na oyi ruo -20 o C.

Meconopsis cambric

Ụdị poppy na-acha anụnụ anụnụ, otu n'ime nke mbụ ndị nchọpụta chọpụtara. A kọwapụtara ma debanye aha ya na mmalite narị afọ nke 19 dị ka ụdị Cumbrian meconopsis, nke a na-akpọ poppy Welsh. Ebe obibi - Western Europe.

Poppy Cambrian bụ ụdị meconopsis nke Europe nke nwere obere okooko osisi gbasasịa, nke dị mfe ma ọ bụ ọkara okpukpu abụọ, nwere agba dị iche iche nke ifuru anwụ na-acha ọkụ. Ifuru nke osisi a na-adịru site na Mee ruo ntu oyi mbụ.

Foto nke poppies na-acha anụnụ anụnụ

Meconopsis Cambrian bụ poppy na-eto eto dị ala nke ịdị elu ya ruru 30-35 cm, ọ na-enwekwa ahụ iru ala na ala nkume nzu. Nwere ike iguzogide frosts ruo -27 Celsius C. Mmeputakwa na-apụta site na ịgha mkpụrụ nke onwe.

Site na teknụzụ ọrụ ugbo nke Cambrian meconopsis, ọ dị mkpa ka a na-agba osisi ahụ mmiri nke ukwuu, ọkachasị n'oge ọkọchị. Ọ na-eto nke ọma na akwa ifuru nwere obere ndo, ugwu ugwu, rockeries a kụrụ na ala na-anọpụ iche.

Meconopsis x sheldonii

Sheldon poppy meconopsis bụ osisi ngwakọ na-enweghị nkọwa na okike. A mụrụ ya n'ihi ịgafe ụdị osisi ndị ọzọ, ya bụ poppies buru ibu na nke akwụkwọ ozi. Ogologo dị iche iche. Okooko osisi toro eto ruru 150 cm n'ogo. Mmeputakwa bụ vegetative.

acha anụnụ anụnụ poppy meconopsis

Agrotechnics nke acha anụnụ anụnụ poppy n'ime ubi ụlọ

Mgbe ị na-eto poppy na-acha anụnụ anụnụ n'ụlọ, ị nwere ike iji osisi, mkpụrụ osisi, ma ọ bụ usoro mgbasa site na nkerisi ohia. Ịkwalite site na mkpụrụ osisi na-ewu ewu n'etiti ndị na-elekọta ubi, yabụ lelee teknụzụ ọrụ ugbo a n'ụzọ zuru ezu.

Otu esi eto poppy site na mkpụrụ

Soro atụmatụ a iji too osisi siri ike na nke enweghị atụ:

1. Ịzụta mkpụrụ. Mgbe ị na-eto eto site na mkpụrụ osisi anakọtara site na okooko osisi, àgwà dị iche iche nke poppy na-efunahụ.

Na-akpali! Dịka nnwale, ị nwere ike itolite poppy na-acha anụnụ anụnụ, mkpụrụ nke ị chịkọtara n'ubi. Iji chekwaa ụdị dị iche iche, gbalịa ịdọpụ ihe niile ma otu n'ime stalks ifuru. A na-ewepụ ihe niile site na okooko osisi, na-ahapụ otu - nke kachasị na nke siri ike. A na-eme nlele nke ihe ọkụkụ sitere na okooko osisi na njedebe nke oge okpomọkụ na mmalite nke ịwụfu mkpụrụ. Ha na-anakọtara na igbe, hermetically anọkwasị na nọ na refrjiraeto ruo mgbe mmalite nke mmiri okpomọkụ.

2. Mkpụrụ ndị zụrụ na-agbazinye onwe ha na stratification. Iji mee nke a, a na-agbasa ihe ọkụkụ n'otu n'otu na mpempe mmiri gauze ma ọ bụ akwa mpempe akwụkwọ na-apịaji n'ọtụtụ ọkwa, na-ekpuchi ya na nsọtụ efu n'elu. Mgbe nke ahụ gasịrị, na-akwakọba ngwugwu ahụ n'ime akpa rọba, a na-etinye ya na friji ruo ụbọchị 45 ma debe ya na okpomọkụ nke 0 ruo +4 o C.

3. Ghaaranụ nso n'oge mgbụsị akwụkwọ. Na ọnọdụ griin haus - na njedebe nke February. N'oge ịgha mkpụrụ n'oge mgbụsị akwụkwọ, mkpụrụ osisi na-agbazinye onwe ha ka ha were, mgbe nke a gasịrị, a na-ebufe ha na griin haus.

4. Maka ịkụ mkpụrụ nke poppy na-acha anụnụ anụnụ, a na-akwadebe ngwakọta ala pụrụ iche site na iji ala na-eme nri na-edozi ahụ nke nwere obere acidic ma ọ bụ na-anọpụ iche pH larịị, tupu agwọ ya iji wepụ ahịhịa ahịhịa, spores, larvae, steam. A na-agbakwunye peat a gbazere na ájá osimiri a sachara, nke a na-ewere nha nha, na-agbakwunye na ala.

5. Tupu ịgha mkpụrụ, a ga-emerịrị ala mmiri.

Ihe dị mkpa! Iji mee ka mkpụrụ nke ihe ọkụkụ dịkwuo elu, ị nwere ike ịzụlite ala site na iji mgbọrọgwụ, sodium humate ma ọ bụ novosil.

6. Anaghị akụ mkpụrụ. A na-etinye ha nke ọma n'elu oyi akwa nke ala, na-agbanye ntakịrị n'ime ala, naanị 1-2 mm, a naghị fesa ha na ala n'elu. A na-eji ihe nkiri plastik dị mkpa kpuchie ihe ndị nwere seedlings n'elu, na-ekpughe ha n'ime ụlọ nwere ọkụ zuru ezu ma gbasaa. Site na mmiri ntapu, a na-edobe ala mmiri mgbe niile.

acha anụnụ anụnụ meconopsis poppy osisi

Ọ dị mkpa idowe ọnọdụ okpomọkụ kacha mma. N'ime griin haus, n'oge oge niile na-eto eto, ikuku ikuku kwesịrị idobe n'ime + 12-15 Celsius C.

akuku poppy

Germination nke mkpụrụ osisi meconopsis na-ewe ogologo oge, yabụ na ọ dị mkpa iji rụọ ọrụ uto. Iji mee nke a, otu ugboro kwa ụbọchị asaa, a na-efesa ala ahụ na Epin, ruo mgbe ọ ga-adaba n'ala mepere emepe iji gbochie ụkwụ ojii.

Mgbe ụbọchị 21 gachara, ome mbụ na-amalite ịpụta n'elu ala n'ime akpa. Na mmalite nke akwụkwọ nke abụọ, mkpụrụ osisi ifuru na-amaba, na-etinye ihe atụ nke ọ bụla n'ime akpa dị iche iche nwere akwa mmiri mmiri na ala. Ụbọchị ole na ole ka a gafechara, a na-eji otu fatịlaịza nri na-eto eto, mana na ọkara nke oke.

acha anụnụ anụnụ

A na-akụ poppy na-acha anụnụ anụnụ n'ala mepere emepe mgbe egwu nke ntu oyi na ala gafere. Mgbe ị na-akụ n'ebe na-adịgide adịgide na-eto eto, a na-akụ ifuru ndị toro eto n'ebe dị anya nke 30-35 cm n'etiti nkeji, na-agbalị ka ọ ghara ịkpaghasị ụrọ ụrọ na-etolite gburugburu usoro mgbọrọgwụ. A na-eme ọdịda na njedebe oge okpomọkụ, na mmalite nke ụbịa ma ọ bụ na mmalite nke oge opupu ihe ubi na-esote.

Mgbe ị na-eto poppies sitere na mkpụrụ osisi zụrụ, ifuru nke osisi na-apụta na ọnwa 24-36 nke ndụ osisi.

Ihe dị mkpa! Ọ kacha mma itolite meconopsis n'ụlọ ọ bụghị site na mkpụrụ, kama site na seedlings emebere nke a zụtara n'ụlọ ahịa pụrụ iche.

Ụzọ ọmụmụ ndị ọzọ

Dị ka atụmatụ a si dị, a na-ekewapụ ihe ndị ahụ site na etiti etiti nke poppy okenye. 2-3 obere oghere nwere mgbọrọgwụ etolitela gbanyere mkpọrọgwụ na obere griin haus.

Mgbe ị na-ekewa, a na-ekewa akụkụ nke usoro mgbọrọgwụ nke nwere 1-2 buds kpụrụ na osisi ahụ. A na-amagharị ụwa, a na-ewepụ ome na mgbọrọgwụ mebiri emebi. A na-etinye ihe ọkụkụ a na-egbute n'ime akpa rọba kpụgharịrị, jupụtara na ala ubi na-ekpo ọkụ ma ọ bụ ala ọzọ kwesịrị ekwesị maka ịkụ osisi poppies na-acha anụnụ anụnụ. Chekwaa ya na friji, na-elele usoro okpomọkụ n'ime 2-4 Celsius C, ma ọ bụ lie ya n'okpuru snow maka oge oyi. A na-eme nkewa nke bushes n'oge ezumike, n'oge opupu ihe ubi, ozugbo snow gbazere ma ọ bụ n'oge mgbụsị akwụkwọ.

N'oge opupu ihe ubi, a na-atụgharị mgbọrọgwụ, na-ahọrọ ebe na-adịgide adịgide maka ha. A na-eme usoro ahụ na ihu igwe dị jụụ. Ndo n'ime ụbọchị 14-21 mbụ. Poppies toro n'ụzọ dị otú a na-eto ngwa ngwa karịa ndị toro na mkpụrụ. Ma cheta! Mgbasa ahịhịa anaghị adabara ụdị meconopsis niile.

atụmatụ nlekọta osisi

Otu ihe pụrụ iche na-elekọta poppies bụ enweghị fatịlaịza na-eji ntụ ntụ. Meconopsis na-anabata nke ọma na mgbagwoju fatịlaịza ejiri na-azụ azaleas.

Ebe kacha mma maka itolite bụ mpaghara nwere obere ndò, nke a na-echebe site na ifufe siri ike.

Iji zere ihichapụ n'ala dị n'akụkụ oghere na ikpo ọkụ nke usoro mgbọrọgwụ poppy, a na-eji peat, sawdust, okra, compost, green mass mulched.

Ilekọta poppy na-acha anụnụ anụnụ Himalaya, foto nke dị na nyocha, na-agụnye ịtọpụ na ịhịa aka n'ahụ mgbe niile.

acha anụnụ anụnụ himalayan poppy meconopsis

Okooko osisi na-mgbe niile mmiri, na-eleba anya mgbe niile ogo ihicha nke elu oyi akwa nke ala. Ma ọ bụghị ya, a ebelatawo, na-akụ osisi nwere ike ịnwụ tupu ọgwụgwụ nke okooko.

A na-eme akwa akwa akwa otu ugboro n'otu oge ma ọ bụrụ na ala agwụla ma mgbe a na-akụ poppies site na mkpụrụ ndị a zụrụ n'ụlọ ahịa ubi.

Jide n'aka na ị ga-ekekọta osisi toro ogologo. Poppy blue perennial iche kwachaa. N'oge okooko, a na-ewepụ alaka ifuru na-ada ada na akwụkwọ ihicha. Na nkwadebe maka oge oyi, a na-egbutu okooko osisi na ala ala, na-ekpuchi ya na alaka akwụkwọ ma ọ bụ spruce site n'elu.

Ọrịa na pests nke poppy meconopsis

Powdery mildew bụ isi iro nke anụ ọhịa poppy. Ọrịa ajọ ifufe a na-emepe emepe nke fungi nke otu Erysiphales na-enwe ike "rie" okooko osisi poppy kpamkpam n'ime obere oge.

Enwere ike ịmata mildew ntụ ntụ site na mkpuchi isi awọ na-acha ọcha na-etinye n'ime akwụkwọ, buds, mkpụrụ osisi. Mpaghara nke elu ahụ emetụtara na-abawanye mgbe niile, n'ihi nke osisi ahụ na-akpọnwụ wee nwụọ.

N'ịchọta ihe ngosi nke ọrịa ahụ, mee ka osisi prophylaxis:

  • wepụ akụkụ ndị ero ahụ na-emetụta, belata bushes na-agbasa;
  • wepụ elu elu nke ala, dochie ya na nke ọhụrụ;
  • na-emeso ya na nkwadebe kemịkal pụrụ iche, na-ahụ na mgbochi nke ọrịa ahụ.

Site na ọgwụgwọ ụlọ, a na-eji ngwọta ncha-soda dị ka ihe mgbochi. A na-akwado ya site na iji 1 tbsp. l. mmiri soda, 0,5 tbsp. l. mmiri mmiri ncha. A na-agbanye ihe ndị ahụ n'ime lita anọ nke mmiri. Na-emeso okooko osisi ugboro 2-3, na-ewe ihe ruru ụbọchị 7 n'etiti sprays.

Nhazi ala na ime ụlọ nwere poppies na-acha anụnụ anụnụ

Poppies na-acha anụnụ anụnụ bụ okooko osisi ndị ndị na-ese ala na-ejikarị achọ akwa ifuru. Poppies na-acha anụnụ anụnụ, n'agbanyeghị ụdị ha, na-ele anya nke ọma dị ka akụkụ nke nhazi ihu igwe dị iche iche, slides, rockeries. A na-ejikọta Meconopsis na ihe ọkụkụ na-eto eto dị ala, bruners na-agbasa, ferns, aquilegia, foxglove, hydrangea, clematis. Foto nke poppies na-acha anụnụ anụnụ na-egosipụta nke ọma ihe eji achọ mma ha. Meconopsis na-acha anụnụ anụnụ na-adị iche megide ndabere nke ahịhịa ahịhịa ndụ ndụ.

Ogige nwere poppies na-acha anụnụ anụnụ

Na-eto eto dị otú ahụ na akwa ifuru gị, ịkwesịrị inwe ndidi. Ọ bụ ezie na oge okooko na-abịa n'oge na-adịghị anya, ọnụ ọgụgụ dị ukwuu nke ụdị poppies na-acha anụnụ anụnụ na-agbapụta otu ugboro na ndụ ha.

 

nchịkwa 02.10.2017 627 Echiche

Ụdị a nke perennials siri ike na-abịa n'ụdị dịgasị iche iche site na ọcha, odo, ọbara ọbara, pink na odo odo na ndò ọ bụla nke ọmarịcha acha anụnụ anụnụ. Meconopsis na-enwekarị petals anọ ma ọ bụ itoolu gbara gburugburu ụyọkọ stamens dị n'etiti. Meconopsis niile na-ahọrọ okpomọkụ dị jụụ ma chọọ ndò, karịsịa na mpaghara okpomọkụ. Ha na-eto nke ọma na ihu igwe dị jụụ nke ugwu ọdịda anyanwụ, ebe enwere ike ịkụ ya na mpaghara mepere emepe nke anwụ na-acha.

Meconopsis

Ụfọdụ meconopsis na-eto nke ọma na oke ugwu chere ihu, ndị ọzọ na-eto n'ubi ọhịa na-adịghị ahụkebe. Obere ndị nnọchite anya mkpụrụ ndụ dị mma maka ubi okwute okwute ma ọ bụ mpaghara nwere ala bara ụba humus, ma ọ bụrụ na ha nwere ọkụ zuru oke (mana ọ bụghị na anwụ ozugbo). Ala dị na mpaghara mgbọrọgwụ kwesịrị ooh ma dị jụụ. Ewezuga Meconopsis cambrica (Mekonopsis kambrinskin), genus sitere na Himalaya na 3. China. Ụfọdụ meconopsis na-eto kwa afọ, ebe ndị ọzọ (monocarpic) na-eto ma na-amị mkpụrụ otu ugboro, mgbe nke ahụ gasịrị, ha na-anwụ. Afọ 3-4 mbụ nke ndụ, ụdị monocarpic na-anọchi anya otu, mana ọmarịcha rosette mara mma. Ụfọdụ n'ime rosettes ndị a na-acha akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ na-acha uhie uhie na-acha ọbara ọbara n'oge mgbụsị akwụkwọ. oroma-agba aja aja ma ọ bụ ọla edo. Rosettes ndị ọzọ na-anwụ, na-ahapụ naanị nnukwu nwa osisi na-ehi ụra maka oge oyi. Mkpụrụ ndị ahụ bụ capsules oval ma ọ bụ elongated nke nwere ike ịbụ pubescent, bristly ma ọ bụ ire ụtọ.

Nkọwa na njirimara nke osisi

Meconopsis, nke a makwaara dị ka poppy na-acha anụnụ anụnụ Himalayan, bụ osisi na-eto eto na ezinụlọ poppy (Papaveraceae). Ihe dị iche iche mara mma na okooko osisi buru ibu, na-eru dayameta nke 10-12 cm, na ụfọdụ ụdị ruo 25 cm.

Osisi ndị ahụ dị gịrịgịrị, dabere na ụdị ahụ, ịdị elu ha sitere na 10 ruo 100 cm. Akwụkwọ ya bụ akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ, petiolate. Too rosettes. A na-ejikarị ahịhịa na-acha ọcha ma ọ bụ na-acha odo odo kpuchie akwụkwọ ya na stem nke meconopsis. Sistemụ mgbọrọgwụ nwere ike ịbụ ma taproot na fibrous, nke mepere emepe nke ọma, nwere ọtụtụ isi uto.

Petals nke Himalaya poppy nwere agba azure na-atọ ụtọ, ọ bụ ezie na e nwere ndò ndị ọzọ: acha anụnụ anụnụ, odo odo, acha anụnụ anụnụ, lavender, odo, ọcha.

Okooko osisi nwere petalled isii. Stamens bụ agba oroma na-acha ọkụ ma dị iche na petals. Ifuru nke meconopsis na-adị izu 3-4 (site na etiti June ruo etiti July). Ka ọ na-erule ngwụsị oge okpomọkụ, poppy Himalaya na-amị mkpụrụ - igbe akọrọ na obere mkpụrụ mmanụ.

N'okike, a na-ahụ osisi ahụ n'ugwu India, Nepal, Bhutan, na China. Ọ na-etokwa na ugwu Alps na elu 3-5.5 km. Ọtụtụ mgbe, a na-ahụ poppy Himalaya n'akụkụ ndị ọzọ nke ụwa: Alaska, Canada, Scandinavia, Japan, New Zealand, Australia.

Na Russia, a na-ahụkwa poppies ọhịa Himalaya - ha niile bụ naanị ụdị akwụkwọ ozi Mekonopsis hapụrụ.

Ihe dị mkpa! Na ị ga na epupụta nke omenala nwere nsi bekee.

Mekonopsis: nkọwa na iche na foto na vidiyo

E nwere ọtụtụ ụdị meconopsis. Isi ihe dị iche n'etiti ụdị dị iche iche bụ njirimara akụkụ nke azuokokoosisi na agba nke petals. Ogo nke ahịhịa ahịhịa nwere ike iru 15-200 cm.

Usoro mgbọrọgwụ nke poppy Himalaya nwere mkpanaka na usoro fibrous. Isi ihe dị iche iche nke onye nnọchiteanya nke ezinụlọ poppy bụ ọnụnọ nke ome dị n'okpuru ala siri ike na ọnụnọ nke buds na-ehi ụra, nke ome ọhụrụ na-etolite na mmalite oge opupu ihe ubi.

A na-ekpuchi oke akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ nke osisi ahụ na bluish ma ọ bụ na-acha aja aja villi. Meconopsis na-amalite ito n'ime izu mbụ nke June ma na-enwe mmasị na inflorescences mara mma ruo etiti oge okpomọkụ. N'afọ nke abụọ nke ndụ, meconopsis na-abawanye nha ma yie ihe ndepụta nke oke ohia. Ozugbo ihu igwe oyi mbụ malitere, akụkụ ikuku nke poppy Himalaya na-anwụ. Otú ọ dị, a na-echekwa usoro mgbọrọgwụ.

Ndị na-emepụta ọdịdị ala na-akụ meconopsis na ngwakọta daisies na ọka ọka.

Ụdị ewu ewu

Ụdị meconopsis kachasị ewu ewu gụnyere ụdị akọwapụtara n'okpuru.

Lelee Nkọwa
Meconopsis buru ibu (Meconopsis grandis). Okooko osisi na-amalite na etiti June ma na-aga n'ihu ruo mmalite August. Inflorescences na-acha anụnụ anụnụ na odo odo buru ibu n'ogo. Dayameta ha ruru cm 12. Ụdị dị iche iche na-eguzogide ntu oyi.
Akwụkwọ ozi meconopsis (Meconopsis betonicifolia). Oge okooko osisi bụ July. Inflorescences na-acha anụnụ anụnụ na-egbuke egbuke nke nnukwu nha. Ụdị dị iche iche na-anabata oké frosts, nke bụ ihe ịrụ ụka adịghị ya na ọ bụ uru.
Meconopsis Cambrian (Meconopsis Cambrica). Osisi blooms site na etiti July ruo August. A na-ese inflorescences na ndo edo edo, ọbara ọbara na oroma. Dayameta nke inflorescences dị obere. Ụdị dị iche iche na-eguzogide ntu oyi, ma n'otu oge ahụ ọ nwere ike ịmalite na mpaghara anwụ na-acha, n'adịghị ka ụdị ndị a kọwara n'elu.
Meconopsis Caravella (Meconopsis Caravella) Dị iche na lush terry inflorescences nke odo, oroma, terracotta shades. Ụdị ngwakọ dị iche iche na-amasị okooko osisi mara mma ruo mmalite nke ụbịa.

Meconopsis Cambrian, akwụkwọ ozi, nnukwu nwere ike itolite na mpaghara ọ bụla n'ihi oke nguzogide ntu oyi ya.

Isi uru nke osisi ahụ gụnyere:

  • ọdịdị dị ịtụnanya;
  • magburu onwe ntu oyi na-eguzogide.

N'ime adịghị ike, ọ bara uru ịkọwapụta ịrụsi ọrụ ike nke usoro na-eto eto, ọnwụ nke nnukwu pasent nke mkpụrụ n'oge germination.

Ụdị meconopsis

Enwere ụdị 45 na genus Meconopsis. A na-akọ ndị kachasị ama n'ime ha: akwụkwọ ozi, Sheldon na Cumbrian.

Meconopsis akwụkwọ ozi hapụrụ

Meconopsis betonicifolia bụ ụdị mara mma nke Himalaya poppy na-acha anụnụ anụnụ, dayameta ya ruru 9-10 cm, inflorescences mbụ na-apụta na June, ha na-adịru ụbọchị 5-7, mgbe nke ahụ gasịrị, ha na-agwụ. Ogologo oge nke ọdịbendị okooko osisi ruru otu ọnwa. Mgbe ị na-elekọta osisi a n'afọ mbụ, a na-ewepụ buds niile tupu imeghe. Ma ọ bụghị ya, akwụkwọ ozi meconopsis (betonicifolia) ga-anwụ n'otu oge ahụ, ya bụ. na-akpa àgwà dị ka ihe ọkụkụ kwa afọ.

Meconopsis Sheldon

Nkọwa nke Sheldon's meconopsis (Meconopsis x sheldonii) na-egosi na ọ bụ ụdị ngwakọ nwere okooko osisi na-acha anụnụ anụnụ. Ọ na-adị mma na ndò nke obere, na mmiri na ala rụrụ arụ. Poppy Himalaya na-anabata ụkọ mmiri ozuzo nke ọma. Omenala anaghị anabata ogologo oge stagnation nke mmiri.

Meconopsis cumbrian

Cambrian Meconopsis (cambrica) bụ ọmarịcha ụdị poppy Himalaya nwere ifuru edo edo. Na-etolite n'ịdị elu ruo 30-40 cm 4

Meconopsis Cambrian bụ oyi siri ike nke ukwuu - ọ nwere ike idi ntu oyi ruo -34 Celsius

Iche-iche maka ji achọ plantings

Osisi meconopsis toro eto enweghị nkọwa, n'agbanyeghị na ọ dabere na ihu igwe. Ịkụ mkpụrụ na ịgbasa na mbido mbụ ga-achọ oge na mbọ dị ukwuu site n'aka ndị na-akụ ifuru. Ma eleghị anya ọtụtụ mgbalị. Ya mere, anyị ga-atụle naanị ụdị ndị ahụ nwere ike ịgbanye mgbọrọgwụ n'okporo ụzọ etiti, n'agbanyeghị na ha chọkwara usoro nkwanye ùgwù maka ịmụ nwa:

  1. Ụdị ifuru nke Europe bụ Cambrian meconopsis, nke na-eto na UK. Obere dị elu (ihe ruru 50 cm), enweghị nkọwa n'ihe gbasara oke ọkụ (na-eguzogide ụzarị ọkụ, ndò), ogo ala (loam, okwute) na-eme ka osisi a bụrụ nhọrọ kachasị mfe n'etiti ndị ikwu ya niile. Enwere naanị otu ifuru kwa azuokokoosisi, odo, oroma miri emi ma ọ bụ ọbara ọbara, nke nwere ike ịnwe elu okpukpu abụọ, na-enwekwa isi odo mgbe niile. Dayameta nke okooko osisi sitere na 3 ruo 6 cm ogologo oge nke ifuru bụ ihe karịrị otu ọnwa. Ihe dị iche iche gbakwunyere bụ viability nke mkpụrụ: osisi ahụ na-agbasa ngwa ngwa site na ịgha mkpụrụ nke onwe. A na-eji ya n'ubi nkume na nkume dị ka ihe nwere onwe ya nke akwa ifuru mono.
  2. A naghị ahụkarị Bristle meconopsis ka osisi a na-akọ, ikekwe n'ihi na ọ na-esiri ndị na-akụ ifuru ike iwepụta agbata obi dị mma maka ya. Osisi ahụ n'onwe ya ruru 40 cm n'ịdị elu, nwere agịga njirimara na azuokokoosisi, ọ bụghị mkpuchi terry. Ụdị inflorescence dị ka mgbịrịgba: ruo 10 okooko osisi na-acha odo odo-acha anụnụ anụnụ, nke ruru 4 cm n'obosara, jide n'otu osisi. Ifuru ahụ enweghị nkọwa na ọnọdụ nke ndụ, ọ nwere ike idozi n'ụdị ala ọ bụla. Nke zuru oke na-eguzogide ntu oyi, perennial nke onwe ya.
  3. Meconopsis napaulens ruru nnukwu nha - ruo 1.8 m n'ịdị elu. Ọ na-agba n'etiti oge okpomọkụ na pink, odo odo, okooko osisi ọcha ruo 8 cm n'obosara. A na-eji bristles brownish kpuchie akụkụ niile nke osisi ahụ. A na-ewere ya dị ka ụdị siri ike, perennial. Achọrọ garter ma ọ bụrụ na a kụrụ ya n'ime oghere. Ọ bụ ihe na-agaghị ekwe omume ịkụ ndị agbata obi nso karịa 60 cm.
  4. Meconopsis na-ama jijiji nwetara aha ya n'ihi ọdịdị nke ifuru: ọcha, petals anọ mepere emepe dị ka nnukwu snowflakes n'ọdịdị (ihe ruru 8-10 cm n'obosara). Ebe ebe obibi sitere n'okike bụ Himalaya, ọ na-anabata ntu oyi nke ọma, ọ bụghị ezigbo nri, kama ọ bụ ala kpọrọ nkụ. Ọ nwere ike itolite ruo 1.8 m n'ịdị elu, ọ chọrọ nnukwu ohere: enweghị ike ịkụ osisi ndị agbata obi nso karịa 80-90 cm site na meconopsis.

Ihe ọ bụla ụdị osisi ọ bụla onye fulawa na-ahọrọ, ọ dị mkpa ịmara ọtụtụ iwu maka ịhọrọ ụdị ihe ọkụkụ, mgbagwoju anya nke usoro ihe ọkụkụ na ilekọta meconopsis iji nweta nsonaazụ okooko.

Ụzọ mmeputakwa

Enwere ike itolite poppies Himalaya site na mkpụrụ nke ewepụtara onwe ya. Ụzọ mgbasa ozi ndị ọzọ dịkwa: nkerisi ohia na igbutu.

Na-eto site na mkpụrụ

A na-egbute mkpụrụ osisi Meconopsis n'oge mgbụsị akwụkwọ mgbe pọd ndị ahụ akpọnwụwo kpamkpam. Mgbe ahụ, a na-echekwa ha na friji, na-eme ka ọnọdụ ịgha mkpụrụ tupu oge oyi (a na-akpọ usoro a stratification). Mgbe ahụ, a na-akụ meconopsis maka seedlings. Na-eto eto n'ụlọ na okpomọkụ n'okpuru ụlọ okpomọkụ (ruo +15 Celsius C). A na-ebufe ome na-emeghe n'ala nso n'etiti ọnwa Mee, mgbe a ga-ebelata ihe iyi egwu nke nlọghachi azụ.

Ihe dị mkpa! Naanị ụdị poppy dị iche iche nke Himalaya nwere ike ịmalite site na mkpụrụ.

Maka ngwakọ, a naghị eji usoro ọmụmụ a eme ihe, ebe ọ bụ na okooko osisi nwere ike ọ gaghị ejide àgwà nke osisi nne. Ya mere, ọ ka mma ịzụlite ha site na nkerisi ohia.

Nkewa nke ohia

Ọ kacha mma ịme usoro ahụ na mmalite oge opupu ihe ubi, mgbe meconopsis amalitebeghị itolite (njedebe nke March). Ọ bụrụ na oge ngwụcha ahụ efunahụ, ị ​​nwere ike ime ya na August, ma ọ bụrụ na ọnwa na-ekpo ọkụ, mgbe ahụ na September.

Ị nwere ike kewaa osisi poppy Himalaya toro eto nke dị afọ 2-3. A na-egwupụta ha, maa jijiji n'ala ma gbatịa mgbọrọgwụ. Mgbe ahụ, a na-ekewa ohia ahụ n'ọtụtụ osisi ka akụkụ nke ọ bụla nwee buds 1-2 ma ọ bụ rosettes na-apụta. A na-akụ Delenki n'ebe ọhụrụ, na-agba ya mmiri nke ukwuu na mulched. N'oge mgbụsị akwụkwọ, a ga-ekpuchi ha na akwa akwa akwa, peat, sawdust.

mbepụ

Enwere ike ịkpụ poppy Himalaya site na ịkpụ. Iji mee nke a, na njedebe nke oge opupu ihe ubi ma ọ bụ na mmalite oge okpomọkụ, a na-egbutu ome ndụ ndụ nke 10-15 cm ogologo. A na-emikpu ha ruo ọtụtụ awa na ngwọta nke na-eme ka mgbọrọgwụ mgbọrọgwụ dịkwuo mma (Epin, Zircon).

Mgbe ahụ, a na-akụ ya na ala na-ekpo ọkụ na akwa ifuru. Ozugbo ekpuchiri ite, nke a na-ewepụ oge maka ikuku. Na-ehicha mmiri mgbe niile. Ịkwesịrị ịmepụta ntakịrị shading. N'oge mgbụsị akwụkwọ, osisi poppy nke Himalaya ga-agbanye mkpọrọgwụ. N'oge a, enwere ike ịkwanye ha n'ebe ọhụrụ (ma ọ bụ wepụta ya) na mulched maka oyi.

Ihe nzuzo ịkụ ihe

Meconopsis na-eto eto bụ onyinye maka ogologo oge, n'ihi na ọ gaghị ekwe omume ịnweta okooko n'afọ mbụ, ihe mgbaru ọsọ bụ isi bụ iweta opekempe ole na ole n'ogo nke oge oyi nke onwe na ala.

Nhọrọ kacha mma ga-abụ ịgbasa ahịhịa site n'ikewa rhizome. Enwere ike itinye ya na osisi ndị na-etokarị na mbara ala maka afọ 2 ma ọ bụ karịa. A na-ekewa ohia na mmalite oge opupu ihe ubi ma ọ bụ n'oge mgbụsị akwụkwọ, mgbe osisi ahụ amalitebeghị ma ọ bụ akwụsịlarị oge uto ngwa ngwa. Mgbe ị na-ekewa, ọrụ bụ isi abụghị imerụ akwụkwọ ọhụrụ na-apụta.

A na-eme ntụgharị n'ime ala mmiri na-ekpo ọkụ, nke a na-etinye ntakịrị fatịlaịza na mineral. A amanyere bụ iwu nke oge bụ ukwuu atọ, ma ọ bụrụ na transplantation etịbe ke ọdịda, mgbe ahụ nakwa ndo na akọrọ epupụta ma ọ bụ sawdust.

Ihe mgbagwoju anya nke nhọrọ vegetative bụ na ọ na-esiri ike ịchọta osisi nne sitere na ndị agbata obi na mba ahụ, ma ị nwere ike ịhụ ha na ire ere. Usoro a kachasị mma maka ndị nagidere ọrụ siri ike nke na-eto eto meconopsis site na mkpụrụ na ịdaba n'ime ala.

Mkpụrụ mkpụrụ osisi dị obere, yabụ enwela obi nkoropụ ma ọ bụrụ na ị nwere naanị 2-5 meconopsis na-epulite na mkpọ.

A na-akụ mkpụrụ n'ite jupụtara na ala peaty na mbido February. Ala dị n'ime ite kwesịrị ịdị ọkụ, na-agba mmiri nke ọma. A na-ekpuchi mkpụrụ osisi na ala ọ bụghị ihe karịrị otu millimita ma ọ bụ abụọ, fesa mmiri. A na-ekpuchi ite ahụ na ihe nkiri ma tinye ya na ebe ndò nke nwere okpomọkụ siri ike (site na 12 ruo 15C).

A na-eme mmiri kachasị mma site na ala nke ite ahụ n'ihi na osisi na-eto eto na-enwe mmetụta dị ukwuu na mgbanwe okpomọkụ, na mmeghe nke ihe nkiri ahụ bụ ihe na-apụghị izere ezere na-ebelata ya. Enwere ike ịkụ meconopsis site na ite n'ime nnukwu akpa naanị mgbe opekata mpe akwụkwọ abụọ pụtara n'okpuru ala. A na-ebu n'ala mepere emepe na njedebe nke May.

Ọ dị mkpa ileba anya anya mgbe ị na-akụ: maka ụdị osisi dị iche iche, ọ na-esi na 30 cm ruo otu mita.

N'ime afọ mbụ, meconopsis na-eche ọrụ nke ịgbanye mgbọrọgwụ nke ọma dị ka o kwere mee, ọ bụrụ na a na-ahapụ osisi ahụ ka ọ too, ọ nwere ike ịnwụ, ya mere a na-ebipụ pedicels. Okooko osisi bara ụba na-amalite n'afọ nke abụọ ma nwee ike ịdịru afọ 2-4 nke ndụ nke meconopsis nne. Ekwesiri iburu n'uche na ụfọdụ ụdị, na-eji nlekọta nkịtị, na-enwe ike ịgbasa ebe obibi ha onwe ha site na ịgha mkpụrụ nke onwe ma ọ bụ uto rhizome. Otu ihe dị mkpa bụ nhọrọ nke mkpụrụ. N'oge usoro a, cheta:

  1. Nchịkọta onwe nke mkpụrụ nwere ike ọ gaghị enye mmetụta a chọrọ n'ihe gbasara agba: mkpụrụ osisi ngwakọ fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ mgbe niile nwere agba dị iche;
  2. Mgbe ị na-azụrụ mkpụrụ osisi na ụlọ ahịa ma ọ bụ n'ịntanetị, họrọ naanị ndị na-eweta ngwaahịa nwere akụkọ ihe mere eme nke ọrụ ogologo oge na ahịa na ọtụtụ nyocha dị mma. Ọ bụrụ na ịhọrọ akpa nke mkpụrụ osisi na ahịa ifuru, ṅaa ntị na nkwakọ ngwaahịa: a ga-enwerịrị akara ngosi, hologram, ihe oyiyi nke osisi, nkọwa ya dị nkenke;
  3. Jiri otu ngwakọta ahụ maka ịkụ ihe na ite ndị kwesịrị ekwesị maka osisi coniferous: ọ kachasị mma na acidity na uru bara uru.

Ọ dịkwa mma ịtụle ebe ị ga-echekwa ite mkpụrụ osisi: na-agbanwe oke ọkụ, okpomọkụ agaghị enwe mmetụta dị mma na meconopsis.

Ọnọdụ maka meconopsis na-eto eto

Poppies Himalaya na-anabata ndo dị mkpụmkpụ nke ọma. Maka ịkụ ihe, a naghị atụ aro ka ịhọrọ ebe mepere emepe na ìhè anyanwụ kpọmkwem, ebe ọ bụ na okpomọkụ nwere mmetụta ọjọọ na ifuru. Ọzọkwa, ebe ahụ kwesịrị ịdị mma nke ọma. Ọ bụ ihe amamihe dị na ya ịkụ omenala n'ụsọ oké osimiri nke ọdọ mmiri.

Ọ bụrụ na ala agwụla, mgbe ahụ, n'oge igwu ala akwa ifuru n'oge mgbụsị akwụkwọ, a na-etinye 30-40 g nke fatịlaịza ịnweta mgbagwoju anya ma ọ bụ 3-7 n'arọ nke humus kwa 1 m2 n'ala. Mgbe ịgha mkpụrụ, nye ọnọdụ mmiri mmiri, na-egbochi ala site na nkụ na ịgbawa. A na-eme nri kwa oge.

Enwere ike itolite osisi poppy Himalaya na ngwakọta nke peat na perlite (1: 1). Ị nwekwara ike ịme ngwakọta nke ala soddy na peat na humus (2: 1: 1) ma ọ bụ zụta ala zuru ụwa ọnụ maka ọdịbendị.

Mgbe agha mkpụrụ maka seedlings na na-emeghe n'ala

A na-akụ mkpụrụ osisi poppy Himalaya maka seedlings n'oge mbubreyo February ma ọ bụ mmalite March. N'ebe ndịda, ị nwere ike ịmalite otu izu tupu mgbe ahụ, na mpaghara ndị nwere oge okpomọkụ (Urals, Siberia) - ụbọchị ole na ole ka e mesịrị.

A na-ebufe mkpụrụ osisi n'ala na-emeghe ọnwa 2.5 mgbe aghachara, ya bụ, ihe dị ka etiti ọnwa Mee. N'oge a, okpomọkụ kwesịrị ịdị n'okpuru +17 Celsius C. Ịkwesịrị ịgbaso amụma ihu igwe. Ihe iyi egwu nke nloghachi frosts ga-agafe, ma ọ bụghị na osisi ga-anwụ.

tozuru okè ifuru

Osisi toro eto chọrọ obere fatịlaịza nke ala nwere mineral otu ugboro n'afọ (ọkacha mma n'oge mgbụsị akwụkwọ), ịgbara mmiri na ihu igwe ọkụ. Iji mee ka okwu nke ifuru dị ogologo, a na-ewepụ buds na-ada ada na osisi ahụ. Na njedebe oge okpomọkụ ma ọ bụ n'ọnwa mbụ nke ụbịa, a na-ebipụ akụkụ ikuku nke osisi ahụ, a na-ekpuchikwa rhizome na akwụkwọ dara ada na sawdust.

E kwesịghị ịkụnye meconopsis toro ogologo n'ebe a na-akpọ ikuku ikuku: ha nwere ike imebi. Ọ bụrụ na enyeghị nke a na mbụ, mgbe ahụ ị nwere ike jiri nlezianya kechie ị ga.

N'ime ọrịa ndị onye ọbịa si Himalaya nwere ike ịnweta, nke mbụ, e nwere fungi. A na-eme ọgwụgwọ na ndị na-agwọ ọrịa antifungal na mmalite nke germination na ite, nke abụọ mgbe ịghasịrị n'ime ala.

Ọ dị mma ma ọ bụrụ na meconopsis na-enweta ihe karịrị otu awa ma ọ bụ abụọ nke ìhè anyanwụ kpọmkwem kwa ụbọchị: ka anyanwụ na-abawanye, ka ohere ahụ ga-esiwanye ike.

Ịkụ mkpụrụ na ilekọta meconopsis

Nkwadebe maka ịkụ osisi poppy Himalaya na-amalite na njedebe oge oyi. A na-agbanye mkpụrụ osisi ahụ, wee kụọ ya na seedlings ma tolite n'ụlọ ruo mmalite nke May. Mgbe nke ahụ gasịrị, a na-ebufe ha na akwa ifuru.

Kedu ka esi akụ ma na-eto meconopsis site na mkpụrụ

Ịzụlite osisi poppy Himalaya sitere na mkpụrụ na-amalite na njedebe nke Jenụwarị. A na-etinye mkpụrụ osisi ahụ na akwa nhicha akwụkwọ, kpuchie ya na otu oyi akwa n'elu ma tinye ya na akpa rọba. A na-eziga ha na refrjiraeto (ebe a na-echekwa ha mgbe nchịkọta mgbụsị akwụkwọ ma ọ bụ zụta) ma debe ha na okpomọkụ ruo +4 Celsius maka izu 5-6, i.e. ruo etiti February.

N'oge a, ha na-amalite ịkwadebe arịa maka seedlings nke Himalaya poppy. Ndị a nwere ike ịbụ igbe plastik ma ọ bụ igbe osisi. Maka disinfection, a na-asacha ha na mmiri esi mmiri, a na-agbakwa ala ahụ na ngwọta 1% nke potassium permanganate ma ọ bụ tinye ya na friza ruo ọtụtụ ụbọchị.

A na-awụsa obere obere okwute na ala nke ihe ọkụkụ, mgbe ahụ, a na-agbakwunye ngwakọta ala. A na-akụ mkpụrụ n'ime omimi nke 1-1.5 cm, na-agba ya mmiri site na karama ịgba mmiri ma tinye ya n'ebe dị mma nke nwere okpomọkụ nke + 10-12 Celsius C. Na-ekpuchi ihe nkiri nwere oghere, nke a na-ewepụ oge maka ikuku. Nye ọkụ gbasasịrị. Mgbe mpụtachara akwụkwọ abụọ, mkpụrụ osisi poppy Himalaya na-amaba n'ime ite peat ma ọ bụ arịa ndị ọzọ. N'oge a, okpomọkụ dị na griin haus ekwesịghị ịdị elu karịa +15 Celsius.

Ịkụ mkpụrụ osisi na nlekọta na-esote

A na-atụgharị mkpụrụ osisi n'ime ala na May, ọ bụ ezie na ụfọdụ ndị na-elekọta ubi na-eto eto n'ụlọ ruo mmalite nke August, mgbe nke a gasịrị, ha na-ebufe seedlings gaa ebe na-adịgide adịgide. Algọridim nke osisi poppy nke Himalaya bụ ọkọlọtọ:

  1. N'elu akwa ifuru a kwadebere na mbụ (gwuru na fatịlaịza), a na-etolite ọtụtụ oghere na-emighị emi n'ebe dị anya nke 30-50 cm. Ịkụ mkpụrụ na-adabere n'ụdị dịgasị iche iche, yana na nhazi nke ubi ifuru n'ọdịnihu.
  2. Seedlings na-kụrụ tinyere ụrọ clod.
  3. Ha na-ada n'ụra na ala soddy na humus, kpatụ ya ntakịrị.
  4. Mmiri na mulch na peat, sawdust, ahịhịa ma ọ bụ ibe osisi.

Mgbe ị kụrụ meconopsis na ala mepere emepe, ị ga-agbaso iwu ole na ole na ndụmọdụ nlekọta:

  1. Ọ dị ezigbo mkpa iji hụ na ị na-agba mmiri nke poppy Himalaya - ọbụlagodi otu ugboro n'izu, na ụkọ mmiri ozuzo - ugboro 2-3.
  2. Ka ala ahụ wee na-ejigide mmiri ogologo oge, ọ ga-enwe mgbe niile oyi akwa nke mulch sitere na peat, sawdust ma ọ bụ ihe ndị ọzọ.
  3. N'echi ya mgbe ịgbara mmiri ma ọ bụ mmiri ozuzo siri ike, ọ bụ ihe amamihe dị na ya ịtọpụ ụwa, ma ọ bụghị ya, ọ ga-agbaji ka oge na-aga.
  4. A na-etinye akwa akwa na May na June - ọ nwere ike ịbụ organic ma ọ bụ ihe mgbagwoju anya ịnweta. Ma ọ bụrụ na mulch nwere peat ma ọ bụ humus, ị nwere ike ịgafe ngwa mbụ.

Meconopsis (poppy na-acha anụnụ anụnụ | poppy Himalayan): ịkụ ihe, mmepụta, ụdị

Meconopsis bụ osisi mara mma nke na-eto eto nke ifuru ya yiri poppies. Ụdị ọdịdị ahụ gụnyere ihe karịrị ụdị 50 ma bụrụ nke ezinụlọ Poppy. Agba nke meconopsis okooko osisi dị iche iche: acha anụnụ anụnụ, ọchịchịrị-acha anụnụ anụnụ, oroma, odo, na-acha ọcha, odo odo ... N'otu oge ahụ, meconopsis na-acha anụnụ anụnụ na-acha anụnụ anụnụ petals kasị amasị. Maka myirịta ha na poppies, a na-akpọ okooko osisi ndị a na-akpọkarị "poppy blue", ma ọ bụ ebe amụrụ "Himalayan poppy". A na-erekarị mkpụrụ osisi Meconopsis n'okpuru aha Himalayan Blue Poppy.

Agba nke petals meconopsis dabere na ebe obibi ya. Ọ bụrụ na Himalayas, ugwu Tibetan na ọdịda anyanwụ nke China, ị nwere ike ịhụ meconopsis na-acha anụnụ anụnụ na petals na-acha anụnụ anụnụ, mgbe ahụ na France, Britain na Iceland, osisi a siri ike nwere oroma na odo odo. Ndị na-ahụ n'anya si n'akụkụ dị iche iche nke ụwa na-eji ifuru ugwu a na-adịghị ahụkebe chọọ ubi ha mma na ihe nkiri slide alpine. Nchọta pụrụ iche bụ "poppy blue" maka ubi ndị nwere ndò.

Na foto a: Meconopsis leta-ahapụ.

Ụdị nkịtị na ngwakọ nke meconopsis

Akwụkwọ ozi Meconopsis hapụrụ (Meconopsis Bailey)

- osisi 60-100 cm dị elu, nke sitere na Himalaya. Okooko osisi na-acha anụnụ anụnụ, nwere ike iru dayameta nke cm 10. Nke a bụ ụdị meconopsis kachasị. Ọ nwere ọtụtụ ụdị na ngwakọ ndị dị iche na ndo nke ifuru na nha ya, ọdịdị nke ohia. Na-etolite na June-July. Osisi chara n'onwe na njedebe nke August. Na-anabata frosts ruo -18 Celsius.

Meconopsis buru ibu

- ụdị meconopsis a dị ala karịa akwụkwọ ozi, ịdị elu ya adịghị agafe 80 cm, ebe dayameta nke ifuru ahụ ruru cm 12. Nnukwu meconopsis na-abịakwa na Tibet na Himalayas. Agba nke ifuru ya na-abụkarị ọchịchịrị anụnụ anụnụ. Mekonopsis buru ibu sitere na Nepal nwere ifuru odo odo na pink, mgbe ụfọdụ na-acha ọcha. Nnukwu meconopsis na-agba n'etiti June ma na-atọ ụtọ anya ruo mmalite August. Na-anabata frosts ruo -20 Celsius.

Meconopsis cumbrian

- perennial nwa afọ na Europe, nke dị na Iceland, France na West Britain, cultivars na-ahụkarị na Europe dum. Otu n'ime meconopsis dị ala. Ogologo ya n'ọnọdụ ndị na-adịghị ahụkebe ruru 0.5 m. N'adịghị ka ụdị abụọ mbụ, nke na-etolite rosettes nke ọtụtụ okooko osisi, perennial a nwere naanị otu ifuru ma na-echetara poppy. Dayameta ya ruru cm 6. Agba nke petals nwere ike ịbụ oroma ma ọ bụ odo odo, e nwere ụdị dị iche iche na terry ma ọ bụ uhie uhie. Okooko osisi na-aga n'ihu n'oge okpomọkụ niile. Nke a bụ ụdị meconopsis na-eguzogide ntu oyi, ọ na-eguzogide frosts ruo -23 Celsius. N'adịghị ka ọtụtụ meconopsis, ọ nwere ike itolite na anyanwụ, dịka ọmụmaatụ, n'elu ugwu alpine.

Meconopsis Sheldon

- ngwakọ ewu ewu perennial ruo 1 m dị elu, na-etolite ákwà mgbochi nke akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ nwere ụdị ube. Okooko osisi na-acha anụnụ anụnụ na-adị mkpa na ị ga-emeghe na June-August. Na-anabata frosts ruo -23 Celsius.

akuku

Ọ bụrụ na ịchọrọ iji meconopsis chọọ ubi gị mma, ị nwere ike ịzụta mkpụrụ ya na ụlọ akwụkwọ ọta akara ma ọ bụ ogige ubi. A na-ere ha n'ime akpa ma ọ bụ dị ka rhizomes na-ehi ụra. A na-akụ ihe ọkụkụ ozugbo na ebe na-adịgide adịgide, ebe ọ bụ na meconopsis na-enwe mmetụta maka ntakịrị mmebi nke mgbọrọgwụ. Ọ bụrụ na rhizome zụrụ ka dị n'oge ịkụ ihe, a na-echekwa ya na friji na okpomọkụ na-erughị +2 Celsius C. Enwere ike lie rhizome na miri emi na snow ka ntu oyi ghara imebi ya.

Ị nwere ike ịmalite meconopsis site na mkpụrụ, nke nwere ike isi ike n'ụlọ. Nsogbu bụ isi bụ nlekọta nke seedlings, ebe ọ bụ na ọtụtụ n'ime ha na-anwụ na mbido mbụ. A na-egosi ọnụego mkpụrụ kacha mma site na mkpụrụ ndị ewepụtara ọhụrụ, a na-echekwa ha ruo mgbe ịgha mkpụrụ na oyi na okpomọkụ nke 0 - +4 Celsius. Mgbe akpọnwụwo, osisi ida ha germination. Mkpụrụ a mịrị amị chọrọ stratification ogologo oge maka otu ọnwa ma ọ bụ karịa na okpomọkụ nke ihe dịka 0 Celsius.

Na foto a: Meconopsis Cambrian.

A na-akụ mkpụrụ n'elu elu na njedebe oge oyi - mmalite oge opupu ihe ubi, kpuchie ya na iko ma ọ bụ ihe nkiri. The cultivation technology na-enye ohere iji ma igbe mkpụrụ na greenhouses. Mgbe ị na-agha mkpụrụ n'ime igbe, a na-eji mmiri drainage eme ihe. Maka germination, ọ dị mkpa iji nye mkpụrụ osisi na oke iru mmiri na ịnweta ìhè, na-echebe site na ìhè anyanwụ kpọmkwem. Okpomọkụ kachasị mma bụ ihe na-erughị +10 Celsius C. Okpomọkụ dị n'elu +15 Celsius C nwere ike igbu osisi. Oge mpụta mkpụrụ bụ izu 2 ruo 3. Mgbe germination gasịrị, a na-ewepụ iko ma ọ bụ ihe nkiri ahụ. Seedlings eto enweghị enyi n'ime ọnwa 2-3. Ha na-achọkwa shading na obere ikuku okpomọkụ.

Ozugbo meconopsis nwere akwụkwọ abụọ, a ga-atụgharị ya n'ime ite na drainage, a na-atụ aro ka ịgbakwunye peat na mkpụrụ. Ọ ka mma iji mmiri na-agba mkpụrụ osisi na karama ịgba mmiri. Na njedebe nke oge opupu ihe ubi, a na-akụ mkpụrụ osisi meconopsis n'ime ala maka itolite. A na-akụ Meconopsis na ebe na-adịgide adịgide na August ma ọ bụ n'oge opupu ihe ubi na-esote.

Ebe dị mma maka ya ga-adị n'akụkụ ozu mmiri, na ndò osisi. Ọmarịcha meconopsis, nke otu ìgwè kụrụ, yana akwa ifuru na mixborders. Ogologo ihe ọkụkụ na-adabere n'ụdị dịgasị iche iche, na-abụkarị 30-50 cm. Iji zere ihicha na ikpo ọkụ nke ala dị nso na meconopsis, a na-atụ aro ka mulch ya.

N'agbanyeghị nkà na ụzụ ọkaibe nke na-eto eto seedlings n'ụlọ, okooko osisi n'onwe ha na-eguzogide mmiri ozuzo na okpomọkụ. Poppies Himalaya chọrọ ala dị mma, na-eme nri, na-ekpo ọkụ, na-enweghị mmiri na-adịghị. Enwere ike nweta ọmụmụ site n'ịgbakwunye peat ma ọ bụ humus, na-eme ka drainage dịkwuo mma site n'ịgbakwunye ájá siri ike. Ọnọdụ dị mkpa maka meconopsis na-eto eto bụ ịgbara mmiri mgbe niile. Ifuru, ọ bụ ezie na ha na-adị ndụ, ma na-eji nlezianya na-adịghị mma, ha anaghị adị ogologo oge - naanị 2-3 afọ.

Meconopsis Cumbrian dị mfe itolite. Enwere ike ịgha ya ozugbo n'ime ala. Okooko osisi ga-abịa n'afọ ọzọ.

NA-AKWỤKWỤKWỤKWỤKWỤKWỤKWỤKWỤKWỤKWỤKWỤKWỤKWỤKWỤKWỤKWỤKWỤKWASỊA NA-AKWỤKWỌ

mmeputakwa

Enwere ike ịgbasa Meconopsis na ahịhịa (site na nkewa, mkpọ) na site na mkpụrụ. A na-ekewa Meconopsis na ọnọdụ ụra ya na mmalite oge opupu ihe ubi, mgbe ala ahụ ka gbazere, na osisi ahụ amalitebeghị itolite. Oge njedebe maka nkewa nke meconopsis ga-abụ n'August (ọ bụrụ na ọ naghị ekpo ọkụ). Mgbe a na-ekewa, a na-egwupụta ohia ahụ, a na-agbazi mgbọrọgwụ nke ọma wee kewaa osisi ahụ n'ime akụkụ nke mere na nke ọ bụla nwere mgbọrọgwụ ma ọ dịkarịa ala otu nwa osisi ma ọ bụ rosette ọhụrụ na-apụta. Ha na delenki na-eme ihe n'ụzọ a na-emekarị: kụrụ, mmiri, ndò, lekọta.

Mgbe ị na-egbutu, a na-akụ sọks na-eto eto nwere ikiri ụkwụ ma ọ bụ mgbọrọgwụ (ọkacha mma) maka itolite na obere ụlọ griin ha, na-edobe, na-enweghị mmiri na-ekpo ọkụ na ihicha.

Maka ịgbasa mkpụrụ, ị nwere ike iji mkpụrụ nke mkpokọta meconopsis gị. 1 g nke mkpụrụ osisi meconopsis nwere ihe dịka 3000 iberibe. Echefula n'otu oge ahụ na ngwakọ anaghị enyefe ụmụ ha ihe onwunwe, ya mere osisi ọhụrụ nwere ike ịdị iche na ụdị mbụ. Ụdị meconopsis, kama nke ahụ, na-ejigide ihe onwunwe ha nke ọma n'oge mgbasa mkpụrụ. Okooko nke "poppy na-acha anụnụ anụnụ" bụ ihe dị ịtụnanya nke ga-amasị ọnwa okpomọkụ. Kwa afọ ọnụ ọgụgụ nke meconopsis ifuru stalk ga-abawanye. Otú ọ dị, ihe ịga nke ọma nke ikpe ahụ ga-adabere na ọnọdụ na-eto eto. Ha kwesịrị ịdị nso dị ka o kwere mee ma yie àgwà ndị ahụ nke ụdị okike.

Laghachi na ngalaba

Ọrịa na pests

Meconopsis nwere ezigbo mgbochi. N'ime anụ ahụ nke osisi ahụ, e nwere ihe ndị na-egbu egbu nke na-achụpụ ọtụtụ pests. Ma mgbe ụfọdụ, poppy nwere ike ịta ahụhụ site na powdery mildew (mkpuchi isi awọ na-etolite na epupụta, mgbe nke ahụ gasịrị, ha na-atụgharị). Maka ọgwụgwọ na mgbochi, a na-emeso bushes ahụ na fungicides: mmiri mmiri Bordeaux, Fitosporin, Tattu, Maxim, Fundazol.

N'ime ụmụ ahụhụ, ọ bụ naanị aphids nwere ike imerụ omenala ahụ. Ọ dị mfe iji nagide ya site n'ịfesa bushes na ụmụ ahụhụ: Biotlin, Green Soap, Confidor, Decis, Fufanon.

Ị nwekwara ike iji ọgwụgwọ ụlọ: ngwọta nke ncha na ntụ ntụ, ntinye nke uzuzu ụtaba, decoction nke okooko osisi marigolds, ntinye nke bee yabasị, galik cloves, na ọtụtụ ndị ọzọ.

Meconopsis na nhazi ala

Poppy Himalaya mara mma n'akụkụ ozu mmiri. Ọ bụrụ na ọ dịghị obere ọdọ mmiri na mba ahụ, a pụrụ ịkụ ifuru ahụ n'àkwà ifuru, na rockeries, n'ogige nkume, n'elu nkume nkume.

Omenala ahụ mara mma na ferns, hostas na hydrangeas. Nhọrọ maka iji meconopsis na foto ga-enyere aka mgbe ị na-eme atụmatụ ime ubi:

  1. Poppy Himalaya n'elu akwa ifuru okwute.
  2. Ihe mejupụtara ya na ndị ọbịa.
  3. Otu ọdịda.

Blue poppy - meconopsisKa ị ghara iburu onwe gị nsogbu na nchekasị na-enweghị isi, ị nwere ike ịzụta meconopsis n'ime ite - a na-ere ụdị osisi dị otu afọ na arịa ugbu a n'ọtụtụ ụlọ ahịa ifuru. Mgbe ị na-azụlite poppies Himalaya n'ụzọ dị otú a, ekwesịrị icheta na meconopsis anaghị amasị igwe mmadụ, yabụ ifuru a zụtara ga-achọ ka a kụọ ya n'àkwà ifuru ozugbo enwere ike, ebe enwere ike ime nke a n'oge ọkọchị.

Meconopsis rhizomes anaghị anabata iru mmiri na-adịghị, ya mere, a ghaghị ịkụnye poppies Himalaya na-acha anụnụ anụnụ na ala dị larịị.

Acha anụnụ anụnụ Himalayan - meconopsisỌ gaghị ekwe omume n'ezie ịgafe akwa ifuru nke poppies na-acha anụnụ anụnụ nke Himalaya ma kwụsịtụ ya nso ma ọ dịkarịa ala otu nkeji! Onye ọ bụla ma ọ dịkarịa ala otu oge nwere chioma ịhụ ifuru nke ihe okike ndị a na-adịghị ahụkebe nke Mother Nature ga-echeta ọmarịcha ọhụụ a ruo mgbe ebighị ebi. Mma mara mma nke osisi na-atụ n'anya ma kpalie echiche efu.

N'ileghachi anya na mbara igwe-acha anụnụ anụnụ, azure na ultramarine corollas nke poppies Himalaya, mmadụ na-amalite iche n'onwe ya na ọ bụ ifufe mbara igwe nke na-esi na mbara ala ndị ọzọ wetara mkpụrụ ha n'ụwa anyị. N'ezie, ụlọ nna ochie nke okooko osisi ndị a dị egwu dị anyị nso karịa ụwa ndị ọzọ.

Osisi Meconopsis abụghị naanị ndo-nagide, kama ọ bụ na-ahụ n'anya, ya mere ìhè anyanwụ na-egbuke egbuke bụ contraindicated maka ha. Nke kachasị mma, poppies na-acha anụnụ anụnụ na-enwe mmetụta n'okpuru mkpuchi nke osisi toro ogologo dị n'akụkụ ugwu ma ọ bụ n'ebe ọwụwa anyanwụ nke ala ahụ.

Mekonopsis: na-eto n'azụ ụlọ 

Meconopsis na-epulite dị oke egwu, ike nke seedlings dị ntakịrị nke na ọ na-esiri ha ike ịgbanye mgbọrọgwụ, ọ bụ ya mere a ga-eji jiri nlezianya na-atụgharị ha na ebe na-adịgide adịgide. Poppies toro site na mkpụrụ osisi na-eto naanị na nke atọ ma ọ bụ ọbụna n'afọ nke anọ.

Poppies na-acha anụnụ anụnụ na-anabata oyi n'ụzọ dị mfe, ya mere ọ dịghị mkpa ebe nchekwa oyi pụrụ iche. N'oge mgbụsị akwụkwọ, a na-ebipụ osisi meconopsis dị ka osisi peony, na hemp nke fọdụrụ n'elu na-ekpuchi ya na akwụkwọ dị ọcha ma ọ bụ sawdust.

Na-eto eto meconopsis site na mkpụrụMkpụrụ osisi poppy Himalaya anaghị etolite na-enweghị stratification, yabụ, tupu ịgha mkpụrụ, a ga-edobe ha na t 18 Celsius C maka otu izu, wee sie ike ruo ọnwa abụọ n'ime friji, okpomọkụ nke 4-5 Celsius C. Ekwesịrị kụọ mkpụrụ n'ime obere ụlọ griin dị jụụ, ebe a na-edobe iru mmiri dị elu mgbe niile, n'ihi na n'ime ikuku kpọrọ nkụ ma na-ekpo ọkụ, akwụkwọ cotyledon na-ekpo ọkụ agaghị emeghe.

Mmalite nke poppies na-acha anụnụ anụnụ na njirimara ndu ha

Ọ bụrụ na-ịchọrọ, ị nwere ike ịgbalị itolite meconopsis sitere na mkpụrụ, mana usoro mgbasa a anaghị enye nsonaazụ a tụrụ anya ya mgbe niile. Ihe isi ike nke usoro a nke ịzụlite poppy na-acha anụnụ anụnụ bụ n'ihi ihe isi ike ndị na-ebilite na ogbo nke germination na ichebe nke pulitere.

Mwepu ọzọ nke usoro a nke ozuzu meconopsis bụ enweghị nkwa nke inweta osisi na-acha anụnụ anụnụ corollas. Mgbe ụfọdụ, ọ na-eme na mgbe afọ atọ nke ọrụ gasịrị, onye na-ese ifuru na-ahụ poppies na-acha uhie uhie ma ọ bụ odo odo na akwa ifuru ya.

Mmalite nke poppy na-acha anụnụ anụnụ Himalaya, nke a na-akpọkwa leta meconopsis, sitere na ugwu ugwu Himalaya. Ọ bụ n'ebe ahụ, n'oké ọhịa ndị nwere ndò na ala ahịhịa juru, ka ọmarịcha ahịhịa ahịhịa na-eto eto, bụ nke ọtụtụ ụdị meconopsis.

 

Osisi poppy na-acha anụnụ anụnụ Himalayan - atụmatụ ịkụ iheN'ime ndị nnọchianya nke ụdị a, e nwere ma "dwarfs" na-erughị ala na ezigbo "nnukwu" mita abụọ, ọ bụghịkwa ha niile nwere okooko osisi azure - na ụfọdụ meconopsis, a na-ese petals na-acha ọcha, na-acha uhie uhie ma ọ bụ na-acha odo odo.

Meconopsis na-eto etoN'afọ mbụ nke uto, a na-eri nri poppies na-acha anụnụ anụnụ ugboro abụọ n'oge okpomọkụ na ammonium sulphate.

meconopsis odoỌtụtụ meconopsis nke Himalaya bụ monocarpic. Ndị dị otú ahụ osisi tozuru okè ruo ọtụtụ afọ na-anwụ anwụ mgbe mbụ na naanị okooko ná ndụ ha. Otú ọ dị, okooko osisi Himalaya na-acha anụnụ anụnụ adịghị n'etiti ha - n'adịghị ka ndị ikwu ha, ha bụ ezigbo perennials.

Na-elekọta poppy meconopsis na-acha anụnụ anụnụPoppies na-acha anụnụ anụnụ na-ahọrọ ala rụrụ arụ na nke na-eme nri nwere mmeghachi omume na-anọpụ iche ma ọ bụ ntakịrị acidic.

Himalayan-acha anụnụ anụnụ poppy n'ime ubi - ịkụ na nlekọtaNa njedebe nke ifuru, akwụkwọ ndị dị na rosettes na-akpọnwụ ma nwụọ, mana ndị ọhụrụ na-eji nwayọọ nwayọọ na-eto n'ebe ha. N'oge mgbụsị akwụkwọ, ihe niile dị n'elu ala ahịhịa ndụ nke meconopsis na-anwụ, na ọbịbịa nke oge opupu ihe ubi, rosettes na-eto eto na-eto eto site na buds dị na rhizome ya, ọnụ ọgụgụ nke, na nlekọta kwesịrị ekwesị, na-abawanye site n'afọ ruo n'afọ.

Ụzọ ọzọ dị mma iji nweta poppy na-acha anụnụ anụnụ na-achọsi ike n'azụ ụlọ gị bụ ịzụta rhizome na-ehi ụra nke osisi a magburu onwe ya na njedebe oge oyi. Otú ọ dị, usoro a nke ozuzu meconopsis nwere otu atụmatụ. Isi ihe ebe a bụ na a ga-akụ delenka n'ime ala naanị n'ime afọ iri ikpeazụ nke Eprel. Ka rhizome wee ghara iteta tupu oge eruo, ọ ga-adị mkpa ka echekwa ya na shelf ala nke refrjiraeto ruo mgbe akuku.

Meconopsis na-acha anụnụ anụnụ na-etolite ọtụtụ rosettes dị ike nke akwụkwọ petiole na-acha anụnụ anụnụ na-acha akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ, site na etiti nke peduncles dị elu na-ebili, na-ebu ihe ruru buds iri na abụọ. A na-ekpuchi osisi ahụ, akwụkwọ na ọbụna sepals nke mecanopsis buds na "kpokoro" na-acha odo odo-agba aja aja.

Maka mmepe nkịtị nke okooko osisi Himalaya, ala dị n'okpuru ha ekwesịghị ịkachasị ma kpoo ọkụ, ya mere a ga-eji peat ma ọ bụ osisi mee ala gburugburu osisi meconopsis.

Meconopsis: nlekọta na ọnọdụ na-eto eto

Okooko osisi mara mma - poppies meconopsis na-acha anụnụ anụnụMgbe oyi "ụra" poppy meconopsis na-eteta otu n'ime ndị mbụ. Rosettes na-acha akwụkwọ ndụ na-adịghị ahụkebe na-achọ ugwu ugwu na akwa ifuru ugbua n'etiti oge opupu ihe ubi. Na njedebe nke afọ iri mbụ nke June, poppy na-acha anụnụ anụnụ na-agba. Ifuru nke meconopsis, na-eme ka ịma mma ya dị egwu na-adịru ma ọ dịkarịa ala otu ọnwa. The buds na-emeghe otu otu. Okooko osisi, ọnụ ọgụgụ petals nke nwere ike ịdị iche site na 4 ruo 8, na-acha anụnụ anụnụ na-acha anụnụ anụnụ ma nwee nnukwu stamens odo na-egbuke egbuke. Corollas ikpeazụ na peduncles nwere ike ịbụ lavender na-acha odo odo ma ọ bụ ọbụna na-acha odo odo.


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